||Death of the Ghurid Sultan Ghias ud Din;
accession of Mahmud.
||Shahab ud Din Ghuri defeated by the Ghuzz
||Death of Shahab ud Din Ghuri. Qutb ud Din
Aibik crowned king in Lahore.
||Assassination of the Ghurid Sultan MahmUd,
accession of Sam. Death of Qutb ud Din Aibak, accession of
Aram Shah in India.
||End of the Ghurid rule, their territories
annexed by the Khawarzam Shahs. In India Aram Shah
overthrown by Iltutmish.
||Battle of Al Uqab in Spain, end of the Al
Mohad rule in Spain. The Al Mohads suffer defeat by the
Christians in Spain at the Al-Uqba. The Al Mohad Sultan An
Nasir escapes to Morocco where he dies soon after. Accession
of his son Yusuf who takes over title of Al Mustansir.
||In North Africa death of the Al Mohad ruler
Al Nasir, accession of Al Mustansir. The Banu Marin under
their leader Abdul Haq occupy the north eastern part of
||The Banu Marin under their leader Abdul Haq
occupy north eastern part of Morocco. The Al Mohads suffer
defeat by the Marinids at the battle of Nakur. The Banu
Marin defeat the Al Mobads at the battle of Nakur.
||The Marinids suffer defeat in the battle
fought on the banks of the Sibu river. Abdul Haq is killed
and the Marinids evacuate Morocco. In the battle of Sibu the
Marinids suffer defeat; their leader Abdul Haq is killed and
they evacuate Morocco.
||Death of the Ayyubid ruler Al Adil,
accession of Al Kamil. The Marinids return to Morocco under
their leader Othman and occupy Fez.
||Death of the Khawarzam Shah Ala ud Din,
accession of Jalal ud Din Mangbarni.
||Death of the Zangi ruler Nasir ud Din
Mahmud, power captured by Badr ud Din Lulu.
||Death of the Al Mohad ruler Muntasir,
accession of Abdul Wahid. Death of Yusuf Al Mustansir,
accession of Abdul Wahid in Morocco.. In Spain a brother of
Yusuf declares his independence and assumes the title of Al
Adil. In Spain Abu Muhammad overthrows Al Adil. Al Adil
escapes to Morocco and overthrows Abdul Wahid.
||Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abdul Wahid,
accession of Abdullah Adil.
||Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Nasir,
accession of Al Mustansir.
||Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abdullah Adil,
accession of Mustasim. Assassination of Al Adil, accession
of his son Yahya who assumes the throne under the name of Al
||Death of the Al Mohad ruler Mustasim,
accession of Idris. The Ayyubid Al Kamil restores Jerusalem
to the Christians. Abu Muhammad dies in Spain and is
succeeded by Al Mamun. Al Mamun invades Morocco with
Christian help. Yahya is defeated and power is captured by
Al Mamun. He denies the Mahdiship of Ibn Tumarat.
||End of the Khawarzam Shah rule.
||Death of the Al Mohad ruler Idris,
accession, of Abdul Wahid II. Assassination of Al Mamun;
accession of his son Ar-Rashid.
||Death of the Ayyubid ruler Al Kamil,
accession of Al Adil.
||Death of Delhi Sultan Iltutmish. Accession
of Rukn ud Din Feroz Shah.
||Accession of Razia Sultana as Delhi Sultan.
||Death of Ar-Rashid; accession of his son
||Death of Razia Sultana, accession of Bahram
||Death of Bahram Shah, accession of Ala ud
Din Masud Shah as Delhi Sultan. Death of the Al Mohad rules
Abdul Wahid, accession of Abu Hasan. Death of the Abbasid
Caliph Mustansir, accession of Mustasim.
||Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abdul Walid II,
||The Al Mohads defeat the Marinids at the
battle of Abu Bayash. The Marinids evacuate Morocco.
||The Muslims reconquer Jerusalem.
||Death of the Delhi Sultan Ala ud Din Masud
Shah, accession of Nasir ud Din Mahmud Shah.
||Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abul Hasan,
accession of Omar Murtaza. Abu Said attacks Tlemsen, but is
ambushed and killed; accession of his son Murtada.
||The Marinids return to Morocco, and occupy
a greatar part thereof.
||The Mongols sack Baghdad. Death of the
Abbasid Caliph Mustasim. End of the Abbasid rule. Fall of
Baghdad, end of the Abbasid caliphate. The Mongol II-Khans
under Halaku establish their rule in Iran and Iraq with the
capital at Maragah. Berek Khan the Muslim chief of the
Golden Horde protests against the treatment meted out to the
Abbasid Caliph and withdraw his Contingent from Baghdad.
||Abu Abdullah the Hafsid ruler declares
himself as the Caliph and assumes the name of Al Mustamir.
||Battle of Ayn Jalut in Syria. The Mongols
are defeated by the Mamluks of Egypt, and the spell of the
invincibility of the Mongols is broken. Baybars becomes the
||Death of Bahauddin Zikriya in Multan who is
credited with the introduction of the Suhrawardi Sufi order
in the IndoPakistan sub-continent.
||Death of Halaku. Death of Fariduddin Ganj
Shakkar the Chishti saint of the Indo-Pakistan
||Death of Berek Khan the first ruler of the
Golden Horde to be converted to Islam. The eighth crusade.
The crusaders invade Tunisia. Failure of the crusade.
||Malik ul Salih establishes the first Muslim
state of Samudra Pasai in Indonesia. Murtada seeks the help
of the Christians, and the Spaniards invade Morocco. The
Marinids drive away the Spaniards from Morocco.
Assassination of Murtada; accession of Abu Dabbas.
||Abu Dabbas is overthrown by the Marinida,
End of the Al Mohads. End of the rule of the Al Mohads in
Morocco, the Marinids come to power in Morocco under Abu
||Death of Mansa Wali the founder of the
Muslim rule in M ali.
||Death of Muhammad I the founder of the
state of Granada. Yaghmurason invades Morocco but meets a
reverse at the battle
||Death of Jalaluddin Rumi.
||Death of Nasiruddin Tusi. The Marinids
wrest Sijilmasa from the Zayenids. Ninth crusade under
Edward I of England. The crusade ends in fiasco and Edward
returns to England.
||Death of Baybars.
||Battle of Hims.
||Death of Yaghmurasan. Accession of his son
||Tunisis splits in Tunis and Bougie.
||Death of Ghiasuddin Balban. Death of Abu
Yusuf Yaqub. Bughra Khan declares his independence in Bengal
under the name of Nasiruddin.
||End of the slave dynasty Jalaluddin Khilji
comes into power. Othman embarks on a career of conquest and
by 1290 C.E. most of the Central Maghreb is conquered by the
||Alauddin Ghazan converted to Islam.
||Mongols invade Syria. The Marinids besiege
Tlemsen the capital of the Zayanids.