Articles of Faith and Pillars
An overview of the subject of this page can be found in
Introduction to the Articles and the
Pillars and in Basic Lessons. Additional details are given below.
"...Umar ibn al-Khattab, told me: One day we were sitting
in the company of Allah's Apostle (saas) when there appeared
before us a man dressed in pure white clothes, his hair
extraordinarily black. There were no signs of travel on him.
None amongst us recognized him.
At last he sat with the Apostle (saas). He knelt before
him, placed his palms on his thighs, and said: Muhammad, inform
me about al-Islam. The Messenger of Allah (saas) said: Al-Islam
implies that you testify that there is no god but Allah and that
Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, and you establish prayer,
pay Zakat, observe the fast of Ramadan, and perform pilgrimage
to the (House) if you are solvent enough (to bear the expense
of) the journey. He (the inquirer) said: You have told the
||...the testimony that there is no deity but
Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
The Prerequisites of the Declaration of Faith by Jamaal
||...the ordained prayers based on the
||...the obligatory purification tax on the
||...the abstinence from evil deeds and talk, all
food and drink, and all sexual relations during the month of
Establishing Ramadhan and Other Islamic Dates
||...the pilgrimmage during the month of
Dhul-Hijjah to the first place of worship on earth, the
"...He (Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: It amazed us that he
would put the question and then he would himself verify the
truth. He (the inquirer) said: Inform me about Iman (faith). He
(the Holy Prophet) replied: That you affirm your faith in Allah,
in His angels, in His Books, in His Apostles, in the Day of
Judgment, and you affirm your faith in the Divine Decree about
good and evil. He (the inquirer) said: You have told the
||...the only one who is deserving of worship, the
Living, the Eternal Sustainer.
About Allah, a page with more information on the Creator
||...the angels, created by Allah and fully
subservient to Him.
Belief in the Angels
||...the messages and reminders which Allah has
revealed to mankind throughout history, culminating in the
||...the human messengers and prophets through
which Allah communicated His messages to mankind.
ness of Prophets in Light of the Qur'an
||...the Last Day, when Allah will judge each
human being for his beliefs and actions, and He will admit
him either to Paradise or to Hell.
Signs of the Last Hour
||...the control and power of Allah over all
things and events, regardless of whether we in our limited
knowledge consider them good or bad.
"...He (the inquirer) again said: Inform me about al-Ihsan
(performance of good deeds). He (the Holy Prophet) said: That
you worship Allah as if you are seeing Him, for though you don't
see Him, He, verily, sees you. He (the enquirer) again said:
Inform me about the hour (of the Doom). He (the Holy Prophet)
remarked: One who is asked knows no more than the one who is
inquiring (about it). He (the inquirer) said: Tell me some of
its indications. He (the Holy Prophet) said: That the slave-girl
will give birth to her mistress and master, that you will find
barefooted, destitute goat-herds vying with one another in the
construction of magnificent buildings.
He (the narrator, Umar ibn al-Khattab) said: Then he (the
inquirer) went on his way but I stayed with him (the Holy
Prophet) for a long while. He then, said to me: Umar, do you
know who this inquirer was? I replied: Allah and His Apostle
knows best. He (the Holy Prophet) remarked: He was Gabriel (the
angel). He came to you in order to instruct you in matters of