Prophet Muhammad (saas)
A Blessing for Mankind
Entertained in Madinah
Liberation of Makkah
A Guidance to follow
Respect for Women
Muhammad (PBUH) (Blessings and Peace be upon him) was born in
Makkah, Arabia, on Monday, 12 Rabi' Al-Awwal (2 August
C.E). His mother, Aminah was the daughter of Wahb bin Abd Al-Manaf
of the Zahrah family. His father, Abdullah, was the son of Abd
Al-Muttalib. His genealogy has been traced to the noble house of
Isma'il, the son of Ibrahim (Abraham) (PBUH) (May Peace be upon
him) in about the fortieth descent.
Muhammad's father had died before his birth and his mother
died when he was about six years old making him an orphan.
In accordance with the tradition of noble families of Makkah,
he was taken by a foster mother, Halimah, to her village where
he lived for a few years. During these years he was taken to
Makkah several times to visit his mother. After the death of his
mother, he was placed under the custody of his grandfather, Abd
Al-Muttalib. When the grandfather died, he was under the care of
his uncle, Abu Talib. By this time he used to look after sheep
around Makkah and used to accompany his uncle on trade journeys
In his youth he believed firmly in the Oneness of Allah (God)(SWT).
He lived a very simple life and hated vanity and pride. He was
compassionate to the poor, widows and orphans and shared their
sufferings by helping them. He avoided all vices, which were
commonly practiced among young people such as gambling, drinking
wine, vulgarity and others. He was well-known as As-Sadiq
(the truthful) and Al-Amin (the trustworthy). He was
always trusted as a mediator between two conflicting parties in
his homeland, Makkah.
When he was about 25 years old, his uncle urged him to work
with the caravan which belonged to a wealthy widow named
Khadijah. He accepted and undertook the journey to Syria. He
conducted business with such prudence and sense of duty that he
returned with larger profit than usual. Khadijah was so
impressed by the honest and attractive personality of Muhammad (PBUH)
that she offered to marry him which Muhammad (PBUH) accepted.
This marriage was a happy one. They had children. Khadijah was
so far his only wife until she died at the age of 51.
Muhammad (PBUH) was born amidst a polytheistic (unbeliever)
society. He was saddened and sick of the corrupt society around
him. He often went to Hira cave in the mountain
near Makkah, later known as Jabal An-nur (the mountain of
Light) where he meditated and pondered over the prevailing
darkness brought about by ignorance. There he often remained
deep in thought in communion with the unseen yet All-Pervading
God of the Universe.
One night, while he was meditating in the Hira cave,
the Angel Gabriel (peace be upon him) came to him. The Angel
aroused him and his mighty voice reverberated in his ears. He
was perplexed and did not know what to do. He was asked to read.
He replied: "I cannot read!" The Angel repeated three times
asking Muhammad (PBUH) to read, but he replied the same answer.
Finally the Angel asked:
[Read in the name of your Lord , who created man from a
clot. Read in the name of your God, the Most Bountiful, who
taught by means of the pen, and taught man what he did not
know.] (Qur'an 96: 1-5)
This was the first revelation received by Muhammad (PBUH). He
was 40 years old at that time. The revelation continued to come
to him from time to time in a period of 23 years.
These series of revelation were arranged according to the
divine guidance given to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and later
collected in the form of a Mushaf (book) the Qur'an
(Reading). Most of its verses have clear meaning. Some verses
are interpreted in conjunction with other verses and some others
were interpreted by the Prophet (PBUH) himself through his
words, actions and agreements which are known as his Sunnah
The Qur'an and the Sunnah together constitute the
guidance and way of life for those who submit their life to
Allah (God) (SWT). People who follow this guidance and way of
life are guaranteed by Allah (SWT) to be saved in this
world and the Hereafter.
When the Prophet (PBUH) called the people to the way of
Allah, not many people listened to his call. Most of them
were members of his family and from the low class society. Among
them were Khadijah, Ali, Zayd and Bilal. When he intensified his
mission (da'wah: Call to Islam) by publicly announcing
the religion he preached, he won more followers but at the same
time had to face many challenges from the nobles and leaders who
found their position being threatened and jeopardized. They
stood together, under the pretext of defending the religion of
their ancestors, to fight the new religion.
The morale of the few people who embraced Islam was
heightened when a small group of the respected people of Makkah
joined the religion.
Notable among them were `Uthman bin `Affan, Zubair bin Al-`Awwam,
`Abd Ar-Rehman bin `Awf, Talhah bin `Ubaydullah, Sa'd bin Abi
Waqqas, Arqam bin Abi Arqam, `Ubaydullah bin Harith, Sa'id bin
Zayd, `Amr bin Nufail, Fatimah (the wife of Nufail), Asma binti
Abu Bakr, `Abdullah bin Mas'ud, Ja'far bin Abi Thalib (May Allah
be pleased with them) and many others. Before this group, Abu
Bakr was the first among the earlier followers that impressed
the Prophet (PBUH) very much. The Prophet (PBUH) said about him:
"I never invited anyone to the faith who did not display any
hesitation in embracing it except Abu Bakr. When I had offered
Islam, he showed no hesitation at all in accepting it."
As the result of these challenges from the Makkan
unbelievers, some Muslims were subjected to torture,
persecutions, isolations and boycotts. The Prophet (PBUH) had to
be patient and had to look for the protection of Muslims. He
asked Negus, King of Ethiopia to allow Muslims to migrate to his
country. Negus welcomed the Muslims emigrants in his
territory and refused to hand them over to the Makkan unbeliever
By the end of the Makkan period, the Prophet (PBUH) lost two
people who were dear to him. They were his most affectionate
uncle, Abu Talib, and his faithful and loving wife, Khadijah.
After their deaths, the Makkans felt free to do what they wanted
to impose to the Prophet and his followers.
In many Makkah was the Ka'bah (the Holy Mosque), which
was built by Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) centuries before as a holy
place to worship Allah (SWT), the One. But in the course of
time, the place had been converted by unbelievers to the worship
of objects other than Allah (SWT). People added to it many
tradition of their own. They used to visit this place for a few
months in a year for pilgrimage. They came from all parts of
Arabia, representing various famous tribes. The pilgrimage,
inspite of its religious bearing, constituted for the Arabs a
yearly festival where people met and indulge in their cultural
activities. The Prophet (PBUH) took this opportunity to spread
Among those who were interested in his call, were a group of
people from Yathrib (Madina) in the North of Arabia. They met
secretly with the Prophet (PBUH) and a few Muslims from
Makkah in a village called `Aqabah. After becoming
Muslims, they took an oath of allegiance to protect Islam, the
Prophet and the Makkan Muslims.
The following year, the group of Muslims from Yathrib came
again to Makkah. They met the Prophet (PBUH) at the same place
where they previously met. This time, `Abbas bin Abd Al-Muttalib,
the Prophet's uncle who was himself not a Muslim yet, was
present at the meeting. They invited the Prophet (PBUH) and the
Muslims from Makkah to emigrate to Yathrib. They promised
to treat them as true brothers and sisters. A long dialogue was
held between the Muslims of Yathrib with the Prophet's uncle to
make sure that they really wanted to welcome the Makkan Muslims
in their town. The Prophet (PBUH) agreed at the end to emigrate
to the new land.
Upon knowing that, the Muslims had planned to leave
Makkah, the Makkan unbelievers tried to stop the immigration but
the first group had already migrated to Yathrib. The Makkans had
fearthat the movement to Yathrib would give the Muslims a new
base to spread Islam.
Within two months nearly all Muslims fMakkah, except the
Prophet, Abu Bakr, Ali and a few helpless people had migrated.
The Makkans then decided to kill the Prophet (PBUH). They made a
plan for this purpose, but Allah (SWT) had made another
plan over them, to quote the Qur'an. With various tactics
and a good planning, the Prophet finally arrived peacefully in
Yathrib, which was later known as Madinat Ar-Rasul
(The city of the Prophet).
In Madinah the Prophet (PBUH) was able to work freely in
spreading Islam. The followers of Islam increased
day after day. But the threat by the Makkans did not stop. A few
physical confrontations with the Makkans were ensued. Sometimes
the battles were won by the Muslims, and sometimes by the
Makkans. The Prophet (PBUH) also engaged in battles with the
Byzantine and Persian powers that were jeopardizing the
existence of Islam from the north and the east. But
confrontation with the Makkans stopped for a while after the
treaty of Hudaibiyah had been signed between the Muslims and the
During the Madinah period, the Muslims also established
treaties with the Jews of Madinah and the tribes around the
city. The Jews broke the treaty, which led to their expulsion
out of the Arabian peninsula.
In Madinah, the Prophet (PBUH) succeeded in establishing
Islam as a way of life in its true meaning. He was not only
giving guidance on purely religious matters such as salat
(prayers), zakat (almsgiving), Saum
(fasting) and Hajj (pilgrimage) and examples in these
matters, and also provided Muslims with rules and laws covering
social, economic, political fields.
Entertained in Madinah
It was in Madinah that the Prophet (PBUH) received envoys and
emissaries from various tribes and nationals, asking matters of
various sorts, demanding dialogues, negotiations etc. Among the
emissaries were an envoy representing the Christian community in
Najran (South Arabia). The Prophet (PBUH) welcomed them,
entertained them as honoured guests and even allowed them to
conduct their religious service in his city.
It was a good occasion to share each other's views on matters
of religion. Some members of the envoy were deeply impressed by
the treatment they received from the Muslims, thus leading them
to embrace Islam.
Liberation of Makkah
The treaty of Hudaibiyah gave the Muslims a big opportunity
to exemplify the true Islam in personal conduct and in relations
with peoples and communities. But the peace did not stay long
due to the attitude of the Makkan tribal chiefs who broke the
treaty. Soon the Prophet (PBUH) marched very quietly to Makkah
in the 8th year of the Hijrah (emigration) to
Madinah. The Makkans gave no resistance and by the whole
city surrendered to the Prophet (PBUH). He announced a general
amnesty for all his enemies and treated all citizens of the city
with generosity. A verse of the Qur'an was revealed on the
[ When the help of Allah and victory comes, and you see
the people enter the religion of Allah in crowds. So glorify
the Name of your Lord and beg His forgiveness. He, verily
accept repentance.] (Qur'an 110: 1-3)
After the liberation of Makkah all the remaining hostile
tribes in Arabia began to realize the reality of Islamic faith.
People had seen the noble teachings of Islam. Good examples of
forgiveness, tolerance, justice, fairness, steadfastness and
other qualities as exemplified by the Prophet (PBUH) and his
companions had left an impression in the hearts of hundreds of
thousands of people who became Muslims.
In time the whole Arabia had become the land of Islam. The
Prophet (PBUH) intended to perform the Hajj (pilgrimage). He
announced his intention to the Muslims in Madinah and the
surrounding areas and asked them to join him. This was in fact
the only Hajj performed by him during his life time.
On this occasion he taught those who were present with him
and to the whole world about the Hajj and the divine message
that Allah had entrusted him to all mankind.
At the last gathering with the Ummah (nation) during
the Hajj season, the Hajj of Wada' (Farewell) a sermon
was delivered by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) at the valley of
Arafat about 81 or 82 days before his death. It contained
the very fundamentals of Islam. Seated on his camel, he
spoke with a clear tone and asked who heard his speech to convey
it to those who were not present there. Among others he said:
"O people, lend me and attentive ear, for I know not
whether, after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again.
Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and
take these words to those who could not be present here today.
O people, just as you regard this month, this day, this
city as sacred, so regard the life and property of every
Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to
their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt
you. Remember that you will indeed meet your Lord, and that He
will indeed reckon your deeds. Allah has forbidden you to take
usury, therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has
lost all hopes that he will be able to lead you astray in big
things, so beware of following him in small things.
O people, it is true that you have certain rights with
regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. If
they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be
fed and clothed in mildness. Do treat your women well and be
kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers.
And it is your right that they do not make friends with anyone
of whom you do not approve, as well as never to commit
O people, listen to me in earnest, worship Allah (SWT), say
your five daily prayers, fast during the month of Ramadhan,
and give your wealth in zakat. Perform hajj
if you can afford to. You know that every Muslim is the
brother of another Muslim. You are all equal. Nobody has
superiority over the other except by piety and good deeds.
Remember, one day your will appear before Allah (SWT)
and answer for your deeds. So beware, do not go astray
from the path of righteousness after my death.
O people, no Prophet or Messenger will come after me and no
new faith will be born. Reason well, therefore,
O people, and understand my words, which I convey to you. I
leave behind me two things, the Qur'an and my example, the
Sunnah, and if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others
and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my
words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my
witness O' Allah, (SWT) that I have conveyed Your message to
The importance of this sermon can be seen from the Prophet's
perception that this occasion may be the last one during his
lifetime. He felt that this was the right time to summarize the
principles of Islam to his fellow brothers and sisters.
By the perfection of this religion, it means that there's no
need for humanity, and for the Muslims in particular, to look
for another alternative way of life. As long as one holds fast
to the two things left behind by the Prophet (the Qur'an
and the Sunnah), one will never go astray.
About two months after returning from Makkah for Pilgrimage,
the Prophet (PBUH) became ill but he was still able to perform
his prayers in the mosque and give directives to the companions.
His health was deteriorating day by day. At the last moment he
asked Abu Bakr to lead the prayers in the mosque, Every member
of his family and every companion was worried about his health.
It was on Monday, 12th Rabi'Al-Awwal, the year
11A.H., when he passed away at the age of sixty three
Many people did not believe that he had passed away. They
thought that the Messenger of Allah would live forever. It was
Abu Bakr, who had the feeling, since the Farewell Pilgrimage
that the death of the Prophet (PBUH) was coming near, He
convinced the congregation that the Prophet (PBUH) had actually
passed away. Abu Bakr said to the congregation that if they
worshipped Mu, Muhammad had died , and if they worshipped Allah
(SWT), He lives forever. Then hrecited from the Qur'an:
"Muhammad (PBUH) is nought but a Messenger like the
Messengers who had surely passed away before him: will you,
then, if he dies or be slain, turn round on your heels?"
A Guidance to follow
Muhammad as a man had already died, but as a Prophet (PBUH)
he left behind him a legacy in the form of the Qur'an and the
Sunnah. He stressed the urgent need to hold firmly to these two
sources during his farewell speech in the valley of Arafat. If
people hold fast to them, they will never go astray.
The teachings he left for us if put into practice in their
true spirit and proper way will bring a happy life in this world
and besides the indubitable rewards that will be received by
those who believed in them in the life after death. In this
sense, Islam is a worldly religion which cares first for
the worldly affairs of humanity. The Hereafter is merely a
continuation of the worldly life. It is difficult to portend
that man can be saved in the Hereafter without being saved in
this world. The safe way is to follow the way shown to us by the
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). When his wife, `Aishah, was asked by a
companion about the Prophet's (PBUH) daily conduct, `Aishah
replied that the conduct of the Prophet (PBUH) was the Qur'an
which is the guidance from Allah and Muhammad (PBUH) was
given authority by Allah to interpret it. That is why his
conduct was the exemplary of human conduct. Islam as brought by
the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is very much misunderstood, as a
religion perceived to contain souls and rituals like prayers,
fasting, almsgiving and pilgrimage. Thanks to the new
developments in the world, Islam is now looked upon in a wider
perspective than the narrow-minded view in the past.
The increased interest in Islamic studies by Muslims
and non-Muslims supported by the advanced printing technology
has begun to open the eyes of the world about the true teachings
and intrinsic values of Islam.
(Expertise and Outlook)
In the field of economic development, the goal is not
material gain, but human welfare in general. Islam exhorts that
the balance between the material and physical aspects, between
the individual and societal needs, be maintained in order to
narrow the gap between two opposite sides of human world. It is
stated in the Qur'an:
"Say, who is there to forbid the beauty which Allah has
brought forth for His creatures, and the good things from
among the means of sustenance. Say, they are for those who
believe [in Allah (SWT)] in this worldly life, to be theirs
alone in the Hereafter on the Day of Resurrection ... Say, the
only things my Lord forbids are the shameful deeds, be they
open or secret, the sin, unjustified envy, the ascribing of
divinity to aught beside Allah (SWT), and the attributing unto
Allah (SWT) of aught of which you have no knowledge"
So everyone is free to conduct any business he likes outside
the harmful and shameful circle he has been warned to refrain
from. If he does not listen to this warning, he will be in
trouble. Every good quality set as a precondition to a
successful business is encouraged by Islam.
The Prophet (PBUH) himself was a businessman before he was
appointed as a Prophet. His ability to run business prudently,
by his fairness and truthful conduct in dealing with people had
won him the heart of his employer, Khadijah who later offered
him marriage. He advocated Muslims to follow the spirit of
Prophet Daud's (PBUH) (David) industriousness who earned his
living from his own labour. He also said that faith of a Muslim
is not complete if he is not good in his profession. He
"If you leave matter to those who are not professional, you
are waiting for a disaster".
If he works in the production line, his products must be
compatible with product of other companies or factories. In
order to be marketable, it must suit the taste of buyers and
their standards of living. In this regard, Islam teaches not to
cheat in offering the product to the market. It must be shown as
it is without any publicity it does not deserve. In the lifetime
of the Prophet (PBUH), he found many cases in market places
where the merchants tried to cheat the customers. The Prophet (PBUH)
said to them:
"Whoever cheats is not one of us (Muslim Book of Iman
164 and Ahmed V.3 PP 498)".
Islam laid many regulations the field of economy such as
trade, leasing, business transaction, contract and others to
prevent unfair dealing within the community and in the world of
business at large. What is also prevented by Islam is a monopoly
and exploitation by one man or one group at the expense of the
The first thing in the religion brought by the Prophet
Muhammad (PBUH) is the concern for cleanliness. The concept of
cleanliness in Islam covers physical and spiritual, mundane and
Before performing any rituals prescribed by Islam, one should
cleanse his body, and his dress, his place of worship and his
environment should also be clean.
Prior to carrying out his prayers or starting for pilgrimage,
one has to make his Wudu (ablution). If he or she is in a
state of impurity after having had a lawful intimate intercourse
or post-natal period or other reasons, he or she has to take a
complete bath by pouring clean water over the whole body.
In the case of daily prayer, every Muslim has to clean
his/her private parts, face, hands, feet, mouth, nose, and ears
at least five times every day for the five daily prayers. This
also reminds him/her to keep his/her soul clean from unlawful
Cleanliness is not in the physical sense only. The body
should be purified as well from evil doings that might harm his
relationship with others and with Allah (SWT). He has to clean
his mind from bad intentions or committing unlawful acts. He has
to clean his heart from jealously, hypocrisy and other evil
desires. He has to embody hope, truthfulness, forgiveness,
compassion, holiness, the sense of brotherliness, neighborliness
and other noble qualities.
He has to pay special attention to his diet against all
unhealthy food medically and religiously. He has to keep his
eyes, ears, tongue from evil. These are among the noble
characteristics as exemplified by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
To clean the wealth, Islam instituted the zakat system
(way of purifying wealth). A person whose wealth has reached a
certain point is obligated to pay zakat (alms) which is a
duty enjoined by God and undertaken Muslims in the interest of
society as a whole.
For those capable persons whose wealth does not reach the
minimum chargeable rate, he can also give voluntary contribution
to the needy. This does not mean that the needy should always be
receiving help from the affluent ones.
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:
"The upper hand (giver) is better than the lower one
(receiver)". Muslim Kitab Zakat No. 124
If the receiver of zakat can grasp the spirit
of the Prophet's (PBUH) saying, he will try his best to be the
giver instead of the receiver by endeavoring to better his life
as encouraged by the teachings of Islam.
In Islam the possession of more wealth does not raise a man's
dignity, nor does poverty degrade him. It is true that wealth is
necessary for man to live on this earth but it is only a means,
not the end. The end is happiness in life by attaining the
higher values and not losing sight of in the pursuit of wealth.
Among the great virtues of Islam is the command to do good
and the prohibition to do evil. The good should be preserved and
the evil should be discarded. In short, Islam is actually
composed of a series of commands and prohibitions. Allah the
most Knowing, the Most Merciful, did not decree any law and
regulations but for the good and benefit of his creatures.
The prohibition was decree because of its evil implications
to humanity. The evils were created to test the human conscience
and challenge their freewill in choosing between right and
All the commands and prohibitions from Allah as transmitted
through His Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was intended to purify the
human soul in order to live a pure and clean life adored by
Allah (SWT) and human beings.
One of the teachings of Islam is about orderlin. Discipline,
regulation, management, planning and all other terms relating to
organization are mostly considered as alien to Islam. On the
contrary, Islam exhorts people to live in orderliness and to put
the right thing in the right place. The foundation of Islamic
order rests on two main principles, the crucial faith in one
Allah (God) and the oneness of humanity. All the frame works
were laid down in the Qur'an and the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
applied himself to working out the essential details of that
One of the great values taught by Islam in this regard
is to make use of the time left to humanity. The Qur'an
and the Sunnah (Prophetic traditions) mentioned about time, day,
week, month, year and century. People are lost if they did not
spend the time available to them during this life for good
things. It is a great loss if people have to waste the valuable
time they have at their disposal for useless activities. It is
true that life should be enjoyable but not at the expense of
human resources and values which are essential for the
continuation of their well-being.
Allah the Most Knowing had created time and space suitable
for human activities for they can attain achievements in life.
There are times for work, study, recreation, resting and even
celebration. All are parts of activities in worshipping Allah (SWT)
and serving His cause. The Qur'an says that Allah (SWT)
had created the day for earning and night for resting and
enjoyment. He created the sun, the moon and all outer-space
objects so that man on the earth can fix the time and arrange
the calendar. By having standard time and standard calendar and
the movements of astronomical objects, people are able to
regulate their timetable in choosing the right moment for them
in doing business and carrying out their activities.
Islam prescribes certain times for the daily prayers, certain
month for the obligatory fasting and certain time in one's life
time for performing the Hajj or pilgrimage which indicates that
the religion brought by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) places the life
of Muslims in systematic order. For every move and
occasion made by Muslims there is a rule governing it, be
it in the form of advice, spiritual guidance or practical
directive. If all these directives are followed and understood
properly, people will have high discipline and a well-managed
Islam encourages people to think correctly before taking any
decision. This means planning. There are many verses in the
Qur'an admonishing against doing things unthinkingly and jumping
The Prophet (PBUH) also showed a good example in fulfilling
promise and staying true to treaty, agreement or contract made
As a man of honour he always remained true to the principles
agreed in the treaty, depicting his high discipline and
inclination of doing everything in proper order.
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was a warmhearted and faithful
friend. He loved his companions. He extended greeting to those
he knew and to those he did not know. He treated all people
around him with kindness and affection.
He was very courteous to all those who met him. He never
contradicted anybody who is not opposed to the teachings of
Islam. He treated equally the humble and the lofty. He
claimed no distinction and lived amongst his companions as if he
was not their leader.
He regarded the neighbors as brother and sisters because of
their closeness and living in the same vicinity. He once smelt
the aroma of the soup cooked by his wife. He told her to give
some of it to the neighbours who also smelt it. He said it was
not right a Muslim to sleep with a full stomach after
having had a good meal but let his neighbour starve. He laid
down the foundation for a friendly relation and co-operation
among neighbours exemplifying that living as a neighbour, one
has one's right and responsibility.
In regard to the rights of a neighbour, the Prophet (PBUH)
"Gibreel (PBUH) used to advise me to take good care of the
neighbour until I thought he would make him my heit." (Bukhari
Kitab Al Adab No. 28 and Muslim Kitab
Al Bir No. 146)
He was a good exemplar to those who subscribe to a harmonious
society. Islam exhorts people not to violate the rights
of others and injure their interest, but should positively
cooperate with each other and establish a mutual relationship
and social cohesion.
To safeguard the unity and solidarity of the nation and to
achieve the welfare and well-being of the community, Muslims
have been enjoined to avoid mutual hostility, social
dissension, backbiting one another, and hurting others with
their hand or tongue.
Islam as brought by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
exhorts Muslims to visit the sick, to help to the needy and
assist the weak. Islam makes no discrimination on the
basis of race, colour or language. Its appeal is to the entire
Respect for Women
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) brought changes for the
betterment of womens conditions.
Woman is recognized by Islam as a full and equal partner of
man in the procreation of humankind. He is the father, she is
the mother, and both are essential for life. Her role is no less
vital than his. By this partnership she has an equal share in
every aspect; she is entitled to equal rights; she undertakes
equal responsibilities, and in her there are many qualities and
so much humanity as there are in her partner.
She is equal to man in bearing personal and common
responsibilities and in receiving rewards for her deeds.
She is equal to man in the pursuit of education and
Islam enjoined the seeking of knowledge upon Muslim, it makes
no distinction between man and woman, who is entitled to freedom
of expression as much as man is. Her sound opinions are taken
into consideration and cannot be disregarded just because she is
Islam grants woman equal rights to contract, to enterprise,
to earn and possess independently. Her life, her property, her
honor are as sacred as those of man.
Islam has also given woman a share of inheritance. Before
Islam, she was not only deprived of that share, but was herself
considered as property to be inherited by man.
When Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) arrived at Madinah, he initiated
the formation of an Islamic state. After establishing politics,
brotherhood and the authority of the state of Madinah, he began
negotiations with various tribes around the city and made
treaties with them.
When the Makkan unbelievers launched a series of attacks on
Madinah, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was able to confront them, and
when the Makkans were finally defeated in the battle of Al-Khandaq
(Trenches), he was able to make truce with them at Hudaibiyah
for ten years. This treaty was a masterpiece of practical
statesmanship on the part of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
His diplomacy in sending and receiving envoys to and from the
various chiefs of tribes and foreign rulers, his fairness in
conducting judiciary, and his general pardon at the liberation
of Makkah, was another proof of his lofty statesmanship.
The State he established in Madinah was not a matter of
chance. It was the very nature of his mission that he would
establish a state to enforce the way of Allah. People
might accept a new faith but it would take time to change their
habits, custom and ways of life. And even if a small group of
people succeeded in changing their ways of life there would be
many others who would not let these people practice their belief
and try to stop them by force. So the Islamic State became an
urgent necessity to protect the Islamic way of life.
The State founded by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was built
physical force, as every state must necessarily be, to fulfill
its function of stopping aggression and oppression.
A democratic system in Islam is expressed through the term
shura (council). The Qur'an translation reads:
[ And those who respond to their Lord and keep up
prayer and their affairs [of government] by counseling among
themselves and who spend out of what We have given them.]
(Qur'an 42: 38)
Remembering Allah (SWT) at all times.
|When starting to do something
|When intending to do something
|When in pain and distress
|When expressing appreciation
|When thanking someone
|When awakening from sleep
|When thanking Allah or When
|When someone else sneezes
|When repenting of a sin
|When taking oath
|When someone supplicates
|When death message is received