[18.1] Praise be to Allah
Who hath revealed the Scripture unto His slave, and hath not
placed therein any crookedness,
[18.2] (But hath made it) straight, to give warning of stern
punishment from Him, and to bring unto the believers who do good
works the news that theirs will be a fair reward,
[18.3] Wherein they will abide for ever;
[18.4] And to warn those who say: Allah hath chosen a son,
[18.5] (A thing) whereof they have no knowledge, nor (had) their
fathers, Dreadful is the word that cometh out of their mouths.
They speak naught but a lie.
[18.6] Yet it may be, if they believe not in this statement,
that thou (Muhammad) wilt torment thy soul with grief over their
[18.7] Lo! We have placed all that is on the earth as an
ornament thereof that We may try them: which of them is best in
[18.8] And lo! We shall make all that is thereon a barren mound.
[18.9] Or deemest thou that the People of the Cave and the
Inscription are a wonder among Our portents ?
[18.10] When the young men fled for refuge to the Cave and said:
Our Lord! Give us mercy from Thy presence, and shape for us
right conduct in our plight.
[18.11] Then We sealed up their hearing in the Cave for a number
[18.12] And afterward We raised them up that We might know which
of the two parties would best calculate the time that they had
[18.13] We narrate unto thee their story with truth. Lo! they
were young men who believed in their Lord, and We increased them
[18.14] And We made firm their hearts when they stood forth and
said: Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth. We cry
unto no God beside Him, for then should we utter an enormity.
[18.15] These, our people, have chosen (other) gods beside Him
though they bring no clear warrant (vouchsafed) to them. And who
doth greater wrong than he who inventeth a lie concerning Allah
[18.16] And when ye withdraw from them and that which they
worship except Allah, then seek refuge in the Cave; your Lord
will spread for you of His mercy and will prepare for you a
pillow in your plight.
[18.17] And thou mightest have seen the sun when it rose move
away from their cave to the right, and when it set go past them
on the left, and they were in the cleft thereof. That was (one)
of the portents of Allah. He whom Allah guideth, he indeed is
led aright, and he whom He sendeth astray, for him thou wilt not
find a guiding friend.
[18.18] And thou wouldst have deemed them waking though they
were asleep, and We caused them to turn over to the right and
the left, and their dog stretching out his paws on the
threshold. If thou hadst observed them closely thou hadst
assuredly turned away from them in flight, and hadst been filled
with awe of them.
[18.19] And in like manner We awakened them that they might
question one another. A speaker from among them said: How long
have ye tarried ? They said: We have tarried a day or some part
of a day, (Others) said: Your Lord best knoweth what ye have
tarried. Now send one of you with this your silver coin unto the
city, and let him see what food is purest there and bring you a
supply thereof. Let him be courteous and let no man know of you.
[18.20] For they, if they should come to know of you, will stone
you or turn you back to their religion; then ye will never
[18.21] And in like manner We disclosed them (to the people of
the city) that they might know that the promise of Allah is
true, and that, as for the Hour, there is no doubt concerning
it. When (the people of the city) disputed of their case among
themselves, they said: Build over them a building; their Lord
knoweth best concerning them. Those who won their point said: We
verily shall build a place of worship over them.
[18.22] (Some) will say: They were three, their dog the fourth,
and (some) say: Five, their dog the sixth, guessing at random;
and (some) say: Seven, and their dog the eighth. Say (O
Muhammad): My Lord is Best Aware of their number. None knoweth
them save a few. So contend not concerning them except with an
outward contending, and ask not any of them to pronounce
[18.23] And say not of anything: Lo! I shall do that tomorrow,
[18.24] Except if Allah will. And remember thy Lord when thou
forgettest, and say: It may be that my Lord guideth me unto a
nearer way of truth than this.
[18.25] And (it is said) they tarried in their Cave three
hundred years and add nine.
[18.26] Say: Allah is Best Aware how long they tarried. His is
the Invisible of the heavens and the earth. How clear of sight
is He and keen of hearing! They have no protecting friend beside
Him, and He maketh none to share in His government.
[18.27] And recite that which hath been revealed unto thee of
the Scripture of thy Lord. There is none who can change His
words, and thou wilt find no refuge beside Him.
[18.28] Restrain thyself along with those who cry unto their
Lord at morn and evening, seeking His Countenance; and let not
thine eyes overlook them, desiring the pomp of the life of the
world; and obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our
remembrance, who followeth his own lust and whose case hath been
[18.29] Say: (It is) the truth from the Lord of you (all). Then
whosoever will, let him believe, and whosoever will, let him
disbelieve. Lo! We have prepared for disbelievers Fire. Its tent
encloseth them. If they ask for showers, they will be showered
with water like to molten lead which burneth the faces.
Calamitous the drink and ill the resting-place!
[18.30] Lo! as for those who believe and do good works - Lo! We
suffer not the reward of one whose work is goodly to be lost.
[18.31] As for such, theirs will be Gardens of Eden, wherein
rivers flow beneath them; therein they will be given armlets of
gold and will wear green robes of finest silk and gold
embroidery, reclining upon throne therein. Blest the reward, and
fair the resting-place!
[18.32] Coin for them a similitude: Two men, unto one of whom We
had assigned two gardens of grapes, and We had surrounded both
with date-palms and had put between them tillage.
[18.33] Each of the gardens gave its fruit and withheld naught
thereof. And We caused a river to gush forth therein.
[18.34] And he had fruit. And he said unto his comrade, when he
spake with him: I am more than thee in wealth, and stronger in
respect of men.
[18.35] And he went into his garden, while he (thus) wronged
himself. He said: I think not that all this will ever perish.
[18.36] I think not that the Hour will ever come, and if indeed
I am brought back unto my Lord I surely shall find better than
this as a resort.
[18.37] His comrade, when he (thus) spake with him, exclaimed:
Disbelievest thou in Him Who created thee of dust, then of a
drop (of seed), and then fashioned thee a man ?
[18.38] But He is Allah, my Lord, and I ascribe unto my Lord no
[18.39] If only, when thou enteredst thy garden, thou hadst
said: That which Allah willeth (will come to pass)! There is no
strength save in Allah! Though thou seest me as less than thee
in wealth and children,
[18.40] Yet it may be that my Lord will give me better than thy
garden, and will send on it a bolt from heaven, and some morning
it will be a smooth hillside,
[18.41] Or some morning the water thereof will be lost in the
earth so that thou canst not make search for it.
[18.42] And his fruit was beset (with destruction). Then began
he to wring his hands for all that he had spent upon it, when
(now) it was all ruined on its trellises, and to say: Would that
I had ascribed no partner to my Lord!
[18.43] And he had no troop of men to help him as against Allah,
nor could he save himself.
[18.44] In this case is protection only from Allah, the True, He
is Best for reward, and best for consequence.
[18.45] And coin for them the similitude of the life of the
world as water which We send down from the sky, and the
vegetation of the earth mingleth with it and then becometh dry
twigs that the winds scatter. Allah is able to do all things.
[18.46] Wealth and children are an ornament of the life of the
world. But the good deeds which endure are better in thy Lord's
sight for reward, and better in respect of hope.
[18.47] And (bethink you of) the Day when we remove the hills
and ye see the earth emerging, and We gather them together so as
to leave not one of them behind.
[18.48] And they are set before thy Lord in ranks (and it is
said unto them): Now verily have ye come unto Us as We created
you at the first. But ye thought that We had set no tryst for
[18.49] And the Book is placed, and thou seest the guilty
fearful of that which is therein, and they say: What kind of a
Book is this that leaveth not a small thing nor a great thing
but hath counted it! And they find all that they did confronting
them, and thy Lord wrongeth no-one.
[18.50] And (remember) when We said unto the angels: Fall
prostrate before Adam, and they fell prostrate, all save Iblis.
He was of the jinn, so he rebelled against his Lord's command.
Will ye choose him and his seed for your protecting friends
instead of Me, when they are an enemy unto you ? Calamitous is
the exchange for evil-doers.
[18.51] I made them not to witness the creation of the heavens
and the earth, nor their own creation; nor choose I misleaders
for (My) helpers.
[18.52] And (be mindful of) the Day when He will say: Call those
partners of Mine whom ye pretended. Then they will cry unto
them, but they will not hear their prayer, and We shall set a
gulf of doom between them.
[18.53] And the guilty behold the Fire and know that they are
about to fall therein, and they find no way of escape thence.
[18.54] And verily We have displayed for mankind in this Qur'an
all manner of similitudes, but man is more than anything
[18.55] And naught hindereth mankind from believing when the
guidance cometh unto them, and from asking forgiveness of their
Lord unless (it be that they wish) that the judgment of the men
of old should come upon them or (that) they should be confronted
with the Doom.
[18.56] We send not the messengers save as bearers of good news
and warners. Those who disbelieve contend with falsehood in
order to refute the Truth thereby. And they take Our revelations
and that wherewith they are threatened as a jest.
[18.57] And who doth greater wrong than he who hath been
reminded of the revelations of his Lord, yet turneth away from
them and forgetteth what his hands send forward (to the
Judgment) ? Lo! on their hearts We have placed coverings so that
they understand not, and in their ears a deafness. And though
thou call them to the guidance, in that case they can never be
[18.58] Thy Lord is the Forgiver, Full of Mercy. If He took them
to task (now) for what they earn, He would hasten on the doom
for them; but theirs is an appointed term from which they will
find no escape.
[18.59] And (all) those townships! We destroyed them when they
did wrong, and We appointed a fixed time for their destruction.
[18.60] And when Moses said unto his servant: I will not give up
until I reach the point where the two rivers meet, though I
march on for ages.
[18.61] And when they reached the point where the two met, they
forgot their fish, and it took its way into the waters, being
[18.62] And when they had gone further, he said unto his
servant: Bring us our breakfast. Verily we have found fatigue in
this our journey.
[18.63] He said: Didst thou see, when we took refuge on the
rock, and I forgot the fish - and none but Satan caused me to
forget to mention it - it took its way into the waters by a
[18.64] He said: This is that which we have been seeking. So
they retraced their steps again.
[18.65] Then found they one of Our slaves, unto whom We had
given mercy from Us, and had taught him knowledge from Our
[18.66] Moses said unto him: May I follow thee, to the end that
thou mayst teach me right conduct of that which thou hast been
[18.67] He said: Lo! thou canst not bear with me.
[18.68] How canst thou bear with that whereof thou canst not
compass any knowledge ?
[18.69] He said: Allah willing, thou shalt find me patient and I
shall not in aught gainsay thee.
[18.70] He said: Well, if thou go with me, ask me not concerning
aught till I myself make mention of it unto thee.
[18.71] So they twain set out till, when they were in the ship,
he made a hole therein. (Moses) said: Hast thou made a hole
therein to drown the folk thereof ? Thou verily hast done a
[18.72] He said: Did I not tell thee that thou couldst not bear
with me ?
[18.73] (Moses) said: Be not wroth with me that I forgot, and be
not hard upon me for my fault.
[18.74] So they twain journeyed on till, when they met a lad, he
slew him. (Moses) said: What! Hast thou slain an innocent soul
who hath slain no man ? Verily thou hast done a horrid thing.
[18.75] He said: Did I not tell thee that thou couldst not bear
with me ?
[18.76] (Moses) said: If I ask thee after this concerning aught,
keep not company with me. Thou hast received an excuse from me.
[18.77] So they twain journeyed on till, when they came unto the
folk of a certain township, they asked its folk for food, but
they refused to make them guests. And they found therein a wall
upon the point of falling into ruin, and he repaired it. (Moses)
said: If thou hadst wished, thou couldst have taken payment for
[18.78] He said: This is the parting between thee and me! I will
announce unto thee the interpretation of that thou couldst not
bear with patience.
[18.79] As for the ship, it belonged to poor people working on
the river, and I wished to mar it, for there was a king behind
them who is taking every ship by force.
[18.80] And as for the lad, his parents were believers and we
feared lest he should oppress them by rebellion and disbelief.
[18.81] And we intended that their Lord should change him for
them for one better in purity and nearer to mercy.
[18.82] And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in
the city, and there was beneath it a treasure belonging to them,
and their father had been righteous, and thy Lord intended that
they should come to their full strength and should bring forth
their treasure as a mercy from their Lord; and I did it not upon
my own command. Such is the interpretation of that wherewith
thou couldst not bear.
[18.83] They will ask thee of Dhu'l-Qarneyn. Say: I shall recite
unto you a remembrance of him.
[18.84] Lo! We made him strong in the land and gave him unto
every thing a road.
[18.85] And he followed a road
[18.86] Till, when he reached the setting-place of the sun, he
found it setting in a muddy spring, and found a people
thereabout. We said: O Dhu'l-Qarneyn! Either punish or show them
[18.87] He said: As for him who doeth wrong, we shall punish
him, and then he will be brought back unto his Lord, Who will
punish him with awful punishment!
[18.88] But as for him who believeth and doeth right, good will
be his reward, and We shall speak unto him a mild command.
[18.89] Then he followed a road
[18.90] Till, when he reached the rising-place of the sun, he
found it rising on a people for whom We had appointed no shelter
[18.91] So (it was). And We knew all concerning him.
[18.92] Then he followed a road
[18.93] Till, when he came between the two mountains, he found
upon their hither side a folk that scarce could understand a
[18.94] They said: O Dhu'l-Qarneyn! Lo! Gog and Magog are
spoiling the land. So may we pay thee tribute on condition that
thou set a barrier between us and them ?
[18.95] He said: That wherein my Lord hath established me is
better (than your tribute). Do but help me with strength (of
men), I will set between you and them a bank.
[18.96] Give me pieces of iron - till, when he had levelled up
(the gap) between the cliffs, he said: Blow! - till, when he had
made it a fire, he said: Bring me molten copper to pour thereon.
[18.97] And (Gog and Magog) were not able to surmount, nor could
they pierce (it).
[18.98] He said: This is a mercy from my Lord; but when the
promise of my Lord cometh to pass, He will lay it low, for the
promise of my Lord is true.
[18.99] And on that day we shall let some of them surge against
others, and the Trumpet will be blown. Then We shall gather them
together in one gathering.
[18.100] On that day we shall present hell to the disbelievers,
plain to view,
[18.101] Those whose eyes were hoodwinked from My reminder, and
who could not bear to hear.
[18.102] Do the disbelievers reckon that they can choose My
bondmen as protecting friends beside Me ? Lo! We have prepared
hell as a welcome for the disbelievers.
[18.103] Say: Shall We inform you who will be the greatest
losers by their works ?
[18.104] Those whose effort goeth astray in the life of the
world, and yet they reckon that they do good work.
[18.105] Those are they who disbelieve in the revelations of
their Lord and in the meeting with Him. Therefor their works are
vain, and on the Day of Resurrection We assign no weight to
[18.106] That is their reward: hell, because they disbelieved,
and made a jest of Our revelations and Our messengers.
[18.107] Lo! those who believe and do good works, theirs are the
Gardens of Paradise for welcome,
[18.108] Wherein they will abide, with no desire to be removed
[18.109] Say: Though the sea became ink for the Words of my
Lord, verily the sea would be used up before the words of my
Lord were exhausted, even though We brought the like thereof to
[18.110] Say: I am only a mortal like you. My Lord inspireth in
me that your God is only One God. And whoever hopeth for the
meeting with his Lord, let him do righteous work, and make none
sharer of the worship due unto his Lord.