[20.1] Ta. Ha.
[20.2] We have not revealed unto thee (Muhammad) this Qur'an
that thou shouldst be distressed,
[20.3] But as a reminder unto him who feareth,
[20.4] A revelation from Him Who created the earth and the high
[20.5] The Beneficent One, Who is established on the Throne.
[20.6] Unto Him belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and
whatsoever is in the earth, and whatsoever is between them, and
whatsoever is beneath the sod.
[20.7] And if thou speakest aloud, then lo! He knoweth the
secret (thought) and (that which is yet) more hidden.
[20.8] Allah! There is no God save Him. His are the most
[20.9] Hath there come unto thee the story of Moses ?
[20.10] When he saw a fire and said unto his folk: Lo! Wait! I
see a fire afar off. Peradventure I may bring you a brand
therefrom or may find guidance at the fire.
[20.11] And when he reached it, he was called by name: O Moses!
[20.12] Lo! I, even I, am thy Lord, So take off thy shoes, for
lo! thou art in the holy valley of Tuwa.
[20.13] And I have chosen thee, so hearken unto that which is
[20.14] Lo! I, even I, am Allah, There is no God save Me. So
serve Me and establish worship for My remembrance.
[20.15] Lo! the Hour is surely coming. But I will to keep it
hidden, that every soul may be rewarded for that which it
striveth (to achieve).
[20.16] Therefor, let not him turn thee aside from (the thought
of) it who believeth not therein but followeth his own desire,
lest thou perish.
[20.17] And what is that in thy right hand, O Moses ?
[20.18] He said: This is my staff whereon I lean, and wherewith
I bear down branches for my sheep, and wherein I find other
[20.19] He said: Cast it down, O Moses!
[20.20] So he cast it down, and lo! it was a serpent, gliding.
[20.21] He said: Grasp it and fear not. We shall return it to
its former state.
[20.22] And thrust thy hand within thine armpit, it will come
forth white without hurt. (That will be) another token.
[20.23] That We may show thee (some) of Our greater portents,
[20.24] Go thou unto Pharaoh! Lo! he hath transgressed (the
[20.25] (Moses) said: My Lord! relieve my mind
[20.26] And ease my task for me;
[20.27] And loose a knot from my tongue,
[20.28] That they may understand my saying.
[20.29] Appoint for me a henchman from my folk,
[20.30] Aaron, my brother.
[20.31] Confirm my strength with him
[20.32] And let him share my task,
[20.33] That we may glorify Thee much
[20.34] And much remember Thee.
[20.35] Lo! Thou art ever Seeing us.
[20.36] He said: Thou art granted thy request, O Moses.
[20.37] And indeed, another time, already We have shown thee
[20.38] When we inspired in thy mother that which is inspired,
[20.39] Saying: Throw him into the ark, and throw it into the
river, then the river shall throw it on to the bank, and there
an enemy to Me and an enemy to him shall take him. And I endued
thee with love from Me that thou mightest be trained according
to My will,
[20.40] When thy sister went and said: Shall I show you one who
will nurse him ? and we restored thee to thy mother that her
eyes might be refreshed and might not sorrow. And thou didst
kill a man and We delivered thee from great distress, and tried
thee with a heavy trial. And thou didst tarry years among the
folk of Midian. Then camest thou (hither) by (My) providence, O
[20.41] And I have attached thee to Myself.
[20.42] Go, thou and thy brother, with My tokens, and be not
faint in remembrance of Me.
[20.43] Go, both of you, unto Pharaoh. Lo! he hath transgressed
[20.44] And speak unto him a gentle word, that peradventure he
may heed or fear.
[20.45] They said: Our Lord! Lo! we fear that he may be
beforehand with us or that he may play the tyrant.
[20.46] He said: Fear not. Lo! I am with you twain, Hearing and
[20.47] So go ye unto him and say: Lo! we are two messengers of
thy Lord. So let the children of Israel go with us, and torment
them not. We bring thee a token from thy Lord. And peace will be
for him who followeth right guidance.
[20.48] Lo! it hath been revealed unto us that the doom will be
for him who denieth and turneth away.
[20.49] (Pharaoh) said: Who then is the Lord of you twain, O
[20.50] He said: Our Lord is He Who gave unto everything its
nature, then guided it aright.
[20.51] He said: What then is the state of the generations of
[20.52] He said: The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a
Record. My Lord neither erreth nor forgetteth,
[20.53] Who hath appointed the earth as a bed and hath threaded
roads for you therein and hath sent down water from the sky and
thereby We have brought forth divers kinds of vegetation,
[20.54] (Saying): Eat ye and feed your cattle. Lo! herein verily
are portents for men of thought.
[20.55] Thereof We created you, and thereunto We return you, and
thence We bring you forth a second time.
[20.56] And We verily did show him all Our tokens, but he denied
them and refused.
[20.57] He said: Hast come to drive us out from our land by thy
magic, O Moses ?
[20.58] But we surely can produce for thee magic the like
thereof; so appoint a tryst between us and you, which neither we
nor thou shall fail to keep, at a place convenient (to us both).
[20.59] (Moses) said: Your tryst shall be the day of the feast,
and let the people assemble when the sun hath risen high.
[20.60] Then Pharaoh went and gathered his strength, then came
(to the appointed tryst).
[20.61] Moses said unto them: Woe unto you! Invent not a lie
against Allah, lest He extirpate you by some punishment. He who
lieth faileth miserably.
[20.62] Then they debated one with another what they must do,
and they kept their counsel secret.
[20.63] They said: Lo! these are two wizards who would drive you
out from your country by their magic, and destroy your best
[20.64] So arrange your plan, and come in battle line. Whoso is
uppermost this day will be indeed successful.
[20.65] They said: O Moses! Either throw first, or let us be the
first to throw ?
[20.66] He said: Nay, do ye throw! Then lo! their cords and
their staves, by their magic, appeared to him as though they
[20.67] And Moses conceived a fear in his mind.
[20.68] We said: Fear not! Lo! thou art the higher.
[20.69] Throw that which is in thy right hand! It will eat up
that which they have made. Lo! that which they have made is but
a wizard's artifice, and a wizard shall not be successful to
whatever point (of skill) he may attain.
[20.70] Then the wizards were (all) flung down prostrate,
crying: We believe in the Lord of Aaron and Moses.
[20.71] (Pharaoh) said: Ye put faith in him before I give you
leave. Lo! he is your chief who taught you magic. Now surely I
shall cut off your hands and your feet alternately, and I shall
crucify you on the trunks of palm trees, and ye shall know for
certain which of us hath sterner and more lasting punishment.
[20.72] They said: We choose thee not above the clear proofs
that have come unto us, and above Him Who created us. So decree
what thou wilt decree. Thou wilt end for us only this life of
[20.73] Lo! we believe in our Lord, that He may forgive us our
sins and the magic unto which thou didst force us. Allah is
better and more lasting.
[20.74] Lo! whoso cometh guilty unto his Lord, verily for him is
hell. There he will neither die nor live.
[20.75] But whoso cometh unto Him a believer, having done good
works, for such are the high stations;
[20.76] Gardens of Eden underneath which rivers flow, wherein
they will abide for ever. That is the reward of him who groweth.
[20.77] And verily We inspired Moses, saying: Take away My
slaves by night and strike for them a dry path in the sea,
fearing not to be overtaken, neither being afraid (of the sea).
[20.78] Then Pharaoh followed them with his hosts and there
covered them that which did cover them of the sea.
[20.79] And Pharaoh led his folk astray, he did not guide them.
[20.80] O Children of Israel! We delivered you from your enemy,
and we made a covenant with you on the holy mountain's side, and
sent down on you the manna and the quails,
[20.81] (Saying): Eat of the good things wherewith We have
provided you, and transgress not in respect thereof lest My
wrath come upon you: and he on whom My wrath cometh, he is lost
[20.82] And lo! verily I am Forgiving toward him who repenteth
and believeth and doeth good, and afterward walketh aright.
[20.83] And (it was said): What hath made thee hasten from thy
folk, O Moses ?
[20.84] He said: They are close upon my track. I hastened unto
Thee, my Lord, that Thou mightest be well pleased.
[20.85] He said: Lo! We have tried thy folk in thine absence,
and As-Samiri hath misled them.
[20.86] Then Moses went back unto his folk, angry and sad. He
said: O my people! Hath not your Lord promised you a fair
promise ? Did the time appointed then appear too long for you,
or did ye wish that wrath from your Lord should come upon you,
that ye broke tryst with me ?
[20.87] They said: We broke not tryst with thee of our own will,
but we were laden with burdens of ornaments of the folk, then
cast them (in the fire), for thus As-Samiri proposed.
[20.88] Then he produced for them a calf, of saffron hue, which
gave forth a lowing sound. And they cried: This is your god and
the god of Moses, but he hath forgotten.
[20.89] See they not, then, that it returneth no saying unto
them and possesseth for them neither hurt nor use ?
[20.90] And Aaron indeed had told them beforehand: O my people!
Ye are but being seduced therewith, for lo! your Lord is the
Beneficent, so follow me and obey my order.
[20.91] They said: We shall by no means cease to be its votaries
till Moses return unto us.
[20.92] He (Moses) said: O Aaron! What held thee back when thou
didst see them gone astray,
[20.93] That thou followedst me not ? Hast thou then disobeyed
my order ?
[20.94] He said: O son of my mother! Clutch not my beard nor my
head! I feared lest thou shouldst say: Thou hast caused division
among the Children of Israel, and hast not waited for my word.
[20.95] (Moses) said: And what hast thou to say, O Samiri ?
[20.96] He said: I perceived what they perceive not, so I seized
a handful from the footsteps of the messenger, and then threw it
in. Thus my soul commended to me.
[20.97] (Moses) said: Then go! and lo! in this life it is for
thee to say: Touch me not! and lo! there is for thee a tryst
thou canst not break. Now look upon thy god of which thou hast
remained a votary. Verily we will burn it and will scatter its
dust over the sea.
[20.98] Your God is only Allah, than Whom there is no other God.
He embraceth all things in His knowledge.
[20.99] Thus relate We unto thee (Muhammad) some tidings of that
which happened of old, and We have given thee from Our presence
[20.100] Whoso turneth away from it, he verily will bear a
burden on the Day of Resurrection,
[20.101] Abiding under it - an evil burden for them on the Day
[20.102] The day when the Trumpet is blown. On that day we
assemble the guilty white-eyed (with terror),
[20.103] Murmuring among themselves: Ye have tarried but ten
[20.104] We are Best Aware of what they utter when their best in
conduct say: Ye have tarried but a day.
[20.105] They will ask thee of the mountains (on that day). Say:
My Lord will break them into scattered dust.
[20.106] And leave it as an empty plain,
[20.107] Wherein thou seest neither curve nor ruggedness.
[20.108] On that day they follow the summoner who deceiveth not,
and voices are hushed for the Beneficent, and thou hearest but a
[20.109] On that day no intercession availeth save (that of) him
unto whom the Beneficent hath given leave and whose word He
[20.110] He knoweth (all) that is before them and (all) that is
behind them, while they cannot compass it in knowledge.
[20.111] And faces humble themselves before the Living, the
Eternal. And he who beareth (a burden of) wrongdoing is indeed a
failure (on that day).
[20.112] And he who hath done some good works, being a believer,
he feareth not injustice nor begrudging (of his wage).
[20.113] Thus we have revealed it as a Lecture in Arabic, and
have displayed therein certain threats, that peradventure they
may keep from evil or that it may cause them to take heed.
[20.114] Then exalted be Allah, the True King! And hasten not (O
Muhammad) with the Qur'an ere its revelation hath been perfected
unto thee, and say: My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.
[20.115] And verily We made a covenant of old with Adam, but he
forgot, and We found no constancy in him.
[20.116] And when We said unto the angels: Fall prostrate before
Adam, they fell prostrate (all) save Iblis; he refused.
[20.117] Therefor we said: O Adam! This is an enemy unto thee
and unto thy wife, so let him not drive you both out of the
Garden so that thou come to toil.
[20.118] It is (vouchsafed) unto thee that thou hungerest not
therein nor art naked,
[20.119] And that thou thirstest not therein nor art exposed to
the sun's heat.
[20.120] But the devil whispered to him, saying: O Adam! Shall I
show thee the tree of immortality and power that wasteth not
[20.121] Then they twain ate thereof, so that their shame became
apparent unto them, and they began to hide by heaping on
themselves some of the leaves of the Garden. And Adam disobeyed
his Lord, so went astray.
[20.122] Then his Lord chose him, and relented toward him, and
[20.123] He said: Go down hence, both of you, one of you a foe
unto the other. But when there come unto you from Me a guidance,
then whoso followeth My guidance, he will not go astray nor come
[20.124] But he who turneth away from remembrance of Me, his
will be a narrow life, and I shall bring him blind to the
assembly on the Day of Resurrection.
[20.125] He will say: My Lord! Wherefor hast Thou gathered me
(hither) blind, when I was wont to see ?
[20.126] He will say: So (it must be). Our revelations came unto
thee but thou didst forget them. In like manner thou art
forgotten this Day.
[20.127] Thus do We reward him who is prodigal and believeth not
the revelations of his Lord; and verily the doom of the
Hereafter will be sterner and more lasting.
[20.128] Is it not a guidance for them (to know) how many a
generation We destroyed before them, amid whose dwellings they
walk ? Lo! therein verily are signs for men of thought.
[20.129] And but for a decree that had already gone forth from
thy Lord, and a term already fixed, the judgment would have been
inevitable (in this world).
[20.130] Therefor (O Muhammad), bear with what they say, and
celebrate the praise of thy Lord ere the rising of the sun and
ere the going down thereof. And glorify Him some hours of the
night and at the two ends of the day, that thou mayst find
[20.131] And strain not thine eyes toward that which We cause
some wedded pairs among them to enjoy, the flower of the life of
the world, that We may try them thereby. The provision of thy
Lord is better and more lasting.
[20.132] And enjoin upon thy people worship, and be constant
therein. We ask not of thee a provision: We provided for thee.
And the sequel is for righteousness.
[20.133] And they say: If only he would bring us a miracle from
his Lord! Hath there not come unto them the proof of what is in
the former scriptures ?
[20.134] And if we had destroyed them with some punishment
before it, they would assuredly have said: Our Lord! If only
Thou hadst sent unto us a messenger, so that we might have
followed Thy revelations before we were (thus) humbled and
[20.135] Say: Each is awaiting; so await ye! Ye will come to
know who are the owners of the path of equity, and who is right.