[24.1] (Here is) a surah
which We have revealed and enjoined, and wherein We have
revealed plain tokens, that haply ye may take heed.
[24.2] The adulterer and the adulteress, scourge ye each one of
them (with) a hundred stripes. And let not pity for the twain
withhold you from obedience to Allah, if ye believe in Allah and
the Last Day. And let a party of believers witness their
[24.3] The adulterer shall not marry save an adulteress or an
idolatress, and the adulteress none shall marry save an
adulterer or an idolater. All that is forbidden unto believers.
[24.4] And those who accuse honourable women but bring not four
witnesses, scourge them (with) eighty stripes and never
(afterward) accept their testimony - They indeed are evil-doers
[24.5] Save those who afterward repent and make amends. (For
such) lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[24.6] As for those who accuse their wives but have no witnesses
except themselves; let the testimony of one of them be four
testimonies, (swearing) by Allah that he is of those who speak
[24.7] And yet a fifth, invoking the curse of Allah on him if he
is of those who lie.
[24.8] And it shall avert the punishment from her if she bear
witness before Allah four times that the thing he saith is
[24.9] And a fifth (time) that the wrath of Allah be upon her if
he speaketh truth.
[24.10] And had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy
unto you, and that Allah is Clement, Wise, (ye had been undone).
[24.11] Lo! they who spread the slander are a gang among you.
Deem it not a bad thing for you; nay, it is good for you. Unto
every man of them (will be paid) that which he hath earned of
the sin; and as for him among them who had the greater share
therein, his will be an awful doom.
[24.12] Why did not the believers, men and women, when ye heard
it, think good of their own own folk, and say: It is a manifest
[24.13] Why did they not produce four witnesses ? Since they
produce not witnesses, they verily are liars in the sight of
[24.14] Had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy
unto you in the world and the Hereafter an awful doom had
overtaken you for that whereof ye murmured.
[24.15] When ye welcomed it with your tongues, and uttered with
your mouths that whereof ye had no knowledge, ye counted it a
trifle. In the sight of Allah it is very great.
[24.16] Wherefor, when ye heard it, said ye not: It is not for
us to speak of this. Glory be to Thee (O Allah)! This is awful
[24.17] Allah admonisheth you that ye repeat not the like
thereof ever, if ye are (in truth) believers.
[24.18] And He expoundeth unto you the revelations. Allah is
[24.19] Lo! those who love that slander should be spread
concerning those who believe, theirs will be a painful
punishment in the world and the Hereafter. Allah knoweth. Ye
[24.20] Had it not been for the grace of Allah and His mercy
unto you, and that Allah is Clement, Merciful, (ye had been
[24.21] O ye who believe! Follow not the footsteps of the devil.
Unto whomsoever followeth the footsteps of the devil, lo! he
commandeth filthiness and wrong. Had it not been for the grace
of Allah and His mercy unto you, not one of you would ever have
grown pure. But Allah causeth whom He will to grow. And Allah is
[24.22] And let not those who possess dignity and ease among you
swear not to give to the near of kin and to the needy, and to
fugitives for the cause of Allah. Let them forgive and show
indulgence. Yearn ye not that Allah may forgive you ? Allah is
[24.23] Lo! as for those who traduce virtuous, believing women
(who are) careless, cursed are they in the world and the
Hereafter. Theirs will be an awful doom
[24.24] On the day when their tongues and their hands and their
feet testify against them as to what they used to do,
[24.25] On that day Allah will pay them their just due, and they
will know that Allah, He is the Manifest Truth.
[24.26] Vile women are for vile men, and vile men for vile
women. Good women are for good men, and good men for good women;
such are innocent of that which people say: For them is pardon
and a bountiful provision.
[24.27] O ye who believe! Enter not houses other than your own
without first announcing your presence and invoking peace upon
the folk thereof. That is better for you, that ye may be
[24.28] And if ye find no-one therein, still enter not until
permission hath been given. And if it be said unto you: Go away
again, then go away, for it is purer for you. Allah knoweth what
[24.29] (It is) no sin for you to enter uninhabited houses
wherein is comfort for you. Allah knoweth what ye proclaim and
what ye hide.
[24.30] Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and be
modest. That is purer for them. Lo! Allah is aware of what they
[24.31] And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be
modest, and to display of their adornment only that which is
apparent, and to draw their veils over their bosoms, and not to
reveal their adornment save to their own husbands or fathers or
husbands' fathers, or their sons or their husbands' sons, or
their brothers or their brothers' sons or sisters' sons, or
their women, or their slaves, or male attendants who lack
vigour, or children who know naught of women's nakedness. And
let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of
their adornment. And turn unto Allah together, O believers, in
order that ye may succeed.
[24.32] And marry such of you as are solitary and the pious of
your slaves and maid-servants. If they be poor, Allah will
enrich them of His bounty. Allah is of ample means, Aware.
[24.33] And let those who cannot find a match keep chaste till
Allah give them independence by His grace. And such of your
slaves as seek a writing (of emancipation), write it for them if
ye are aware of aught of good in them, and bestow upon them of
the wealth of Allah which He hath bestowed upon you. Force not
your slave-girls to whoredom that ye may seek enjoyment of the
life of the world, if they would preserve their chastity. And if
one force them, then (unto them), after their compulsion, lo!
Allah will be Forgiving, Merciful.
[24.34] And verily We have sent down for you revelations that
make plain, and the example of those who passed away before you.
An admonition unto those who ward off (evil).
[24.35] Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The
similitude of His light is as a niche wherein is a lamp. The
lamp is in a glass. The glass is as it were a shining star.
(This lamp is) kindled from a blessed tree, an olive neither of
the East nor of the West, whose oil would almost glow forth (of
itself) though no fire touched it. Light upon light. Allah
guideth unto His light whom He will. And Allah speaketh to
mankind in allegories, for Allah is Knower of all things.
[24.36] (This lamp is found) in houses which Allah hath allowed
to be exalted and that His name shall be remembered therein.
Therein do offer praise to Him at morn and evening.
[24.37] Men whom neither merchandise nor sale beguileth from
remembrance of Allah and constancy in prayer and paying to the
poor their due; who fear a day when hearts and eyeballs will be
[24.38] That Allah may reward them with the best of what they
did, and increase reward for them of His bounty. Allah giveth
blessings without stint to whom He will.
[24.39] As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are as a mirage
in a desert. The thirsty one supposeth it to be water till he
cometh unto it and findeth it naught, and findeth, in the place
thereof, Allah Who payeth him his due; and Allah is swift at
[24.40] Or as darkness on a vast, abysmal sea. There covereth
him a wave, above which is a wave, above which is a cloud. Layer
upon layer of darkness. When he holdeth out his hand he scarce
can see it. And he for whom Allah hath not appointed light, for
him there is no light.
[24.41] Hast thou not seen that Allah, He it is Whom all who are
in the heavens and the earth praise, and the birds in their
flight ? Of each He knoweth verily the worship and the praise;
and Allah is Aware of what they do.
[24.42] And unto Allah belongeth the Sovereignty of the heavens
and the earth, and unto Allah is the journeying.
[24.43] Hast thou not seen how Allah wafteth the clouds, then
gathereth them, then maketh them layers, and thou seest the rain
come forth from between them; He sendeth down from the heaven
mountains wherein is hail, and smiteth therewith whom He will,
and averteth it from whom He will. The flashing of His lightning
all but snatcheth away the sight.
[24.44] Allah causeth the revolution of the day and the night.
Lo! herein is indeed a lesson for those who see.
[24.45] Allah hath created every animal of water. Of them is (a
kind) that goeth upon its belly and (a kind) that goeth upon two
legs and (a kind) that goeth upon four. Allah createth what He
will. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things.
[24.46] Verily We have sent down revelations and explained them.
Allah guideth whom He will unto a straight path.
[24.47] And they say: We believe in Allah and the messenger, and
we obey; then after that a faction of them turn away. Such are
[24.48] And when they appeal unto Allah and His messenger to
judge between them, lo! a faction of them are averse;
[24.49] But if right had been with them they would have come
unto him willingly.
[24.50] Is there in their hearts a disease, or have they doubts,
or fear they lest Allah and His messenger should wrong them in
judgment ? Nay, but such are evil-doers.
[24.51] The saying of (all true) believers when they appeal unto
Allah and His messenger to judge between them is only that they
say: We hear and we obey. And such are the successful.
[24.52] He who obeyeth Allah and His messenger, and feareth
Allah, and keepeth duty (unto Him): such indeed are the
[24.53] They swear by Allah solemnly that, if thou order them,
they will go forth. Say: Swear not; known obedience (is better).
Lo! Allah is Informed of what ye do.
[24.54] Say: Obey Allah and obey the messenger. But if ye turn
away, then (it is) for him (to do) only that wherewith he hath
been charged, and for you (to do) only that wherewith ye have
been charged. If ye obey him, ye will go aright. But the
messenger hath no other charge than to convey (the message)
[24.55] Allah hath promised such of you as believe and do good
work that He will surely make them to succeed (the present
rulers) in the earth even as He caused those who were before
them to succeed (others); and that He will surely establish for
them their religion which He hath approved for them, and will
give them in exchange safety after their fear. They serve Me.
They ascribe no thing as partner unto Me. Those who disbelieve
henceforth, they are the miscreants.
[24.56] Establish worship and pay the poor-due and obey the
messenger, that haply ye may find mercy.
[24.57] Think not that the disbelievers can escape in the land.
Fire will be their home - a hapless journey's end!
[24.58] O ye who believe! Let your slaves, and those of you who
have not come to puberty, ask leave of you at three times
(before they come into your presence): Before the prayer of
dawn, and when ye lay aside your raiment for the heat of noon,
and after the prayer of night. Three times of privacy for you.
It is no sin for them or for you at other times, when some of
you go round attendant upon others (if they come into your
presence without leave). Thus Allah maketh clear the revelations
for you. Allah is Knower, Wise.
[24.59] And when the children among you come to puberty then let
them ask leave even as those before them used to ask it. Thus
Allah maketh clear His revelations for you. Allah is Knower,
[24.60] As for women past child-bearing, who have no hope of
marriage, it is no sin for them if they discard their (outer)
clothing in such a way as not to show adornment. But to refrain
is better for them. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
[24.61] No blame is there upon the blind nor any blame upon the
lame nor any blame upon the sick nor on yourselves if ye eat
from your houses, or the houses of your fathers, or the houses
of your mothers, or the houses of your brothers, or the houses
of your sisters, or the houses of your fathers' brothers, or the
houses of your fathers' sisters, or the houses of your mothers'
brothers, or the houses of your mothers' sisters, or (from that)
whereof ye hold the keys, or (from the house) of a friend. No
sin shall it be for you whether ye eat together or apart. But
when ye enter houses, salute one another with a greeting from
Allah, blessed and sweet. Thus Allah maketh clear His
revelations for you, that haply ye may understand.
[24.62] They only are the true believers who believe in Allah
and His messenger and, when they are with him on some common
errand, go not away until they have asked leave of him. Lo!
those who ask leave of thee, those are they who believe in Allah
and His messenger. So, if they ask thy leave for some affair of
theirs, give leave to whom thou wilt of them, and ask for them
forgiveness of Allah. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[24.63] Make not the calling of the messenger among you as your
calling one of another. Allah knoweth those of you who steal
away, hiding themselves. And let those who conspire to evade
orders beware lest grief or painful punishment befall them.
[24.64] Lo! verily unto Allah belongeth whatsoever is in the
heavens and the earth. He knoweth your condition. And (He
knoweth) the Day when they are returned unto Him so that He may
inform them of what they did. Allah is Knower of all things.