[9.1] Freedom from
obligation (is proclaimed) from Allah and His messenger toward
those of the idolaters with whom ye made a treaty.
[9.2] Travel freely in the land four months, and know that ye
cannot escape Allah and that Allah will confound the
disbelievers (in His Guidance).
[9.3] And a proclamation from Allah and His messenger to all men
on the day of the Greater Pilgrimage that Allah is free from
obligation to the idolaters, and (so is) His messenger. So, if
ye repent, it will be better for you; but if ye are averse, then
know that ye cannot escape Allah. Give tidings (O Muhammad) of a
painful doom to those who disbelieve,
[9.4] Excepting those of the idolaters with whom ye (Muslims)
have a treaty, and who have since abated nothing of your right
nor have supported anyone against you. (As for these), fulfil
their treaty to them till their term. Lo! Allah loveth those who
keep their duty (unto Him).
[9.5] Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the
idolaters wherever ye find them, and take them (captive), and
besiege them, and prepare for them each ambush. But if they
repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave
their way free. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.6] And if anyone of the idolaters seeketh thy protection (O
Muhammad), then protect him so that he may hear the Word of
Allah, and afterward convey him to his place of safety. That is
because they are a folk who know not.
[9.7] How can there be a treaty with Allah and with His
messenger for the idolaters save those with whom ye made a
treaty at the Inviolable Place of Worship ? So long as they are
true to you, be true to them. Lo! Allah loveth those who keep
[9.8] How (can there be any treaty for the others) when, if they
have the upper hand of you, they regard not pact nor honour in
respect of you ? They satisfy you with their mouths the while
their hearts refuse. And most of them are wrongdoers.
[9.9] They have purchased with the revelations of Allah a little
gain, so they debar (men) from His way. Lo! evil is that which
they are wont to do.
[9.10] And they observe toward a believer neither pact nor
honour. These are they who are transgressors.
[9.11] But if they repent and establish worship and pay the
poor-due, then are they your brethren in religion. We detail Our
revelations for a people who have knowledge.
[9.12] And if they break their pledges after their treaty (hath
been made with you) and assail your religion, then fight the
heads of disbelief - Lo! they have no binding oaths - in order
that they may desist.
[9.13] Will ye not fight a folk who broke their solemn pledges,
and purposed to drive out the messenger and did attack you first
? What! Fear ye them ? Now Allah hath more right that ye should
fear Him, if ye are believers
[9.14] Fight them! Allah will chastise them at your hands, and
He will lay them low and give you victory over them, and He will
heal the breasts of folk who are believers.
[9.15] And He will remove the anger of their hearts. Allah
relenteth toward whom He will. Allah is Knower, Wise.
[9.16] Or deemed ye that ye would be left (in peace) when Allah
yet knoweth not those of you who strive, choosing for familiar
none save Allah and His messenger and the believers ? Allah is
Informed of what ye do.
[9.17] It is not for the idolaters to tend Allah's sanctuaries,
bearing witness against themselves of disbelief. As for such,
their works are vain and in the Fire they will abide.
[9.18] He only shall tend Allah's sanctuaries who believeth in
Allah and the Last Day and observeth proper worship and payeth
the poor-due and feareth none save Allah. For such (only) is it
possible that they can be of the rightly guided.
[9.19] Count ye the slaking of a pilgrim's thirst and tendance
of the Inviolable Place of Worship as (equal to the worth of)
him who believeth in Allah and the Last Day, and striveth in the
way of Allah ? They are not equal in the sight of Allah. Allah
guideth not wrongdoing folk.
[9.20] Those who believe, and have left their homes and striven
with their wealth and their lives in Allah's way are of much
greater worth in Allah's sight. These are they who are
[9.21] Their Lord giveth them good tidings of mercy from Him,
and acceptance, and Gardens where enduring pleasure will be
[9.22] There they will abide for ever. Lo! with Allah there is
[9.23] O ye who believe! Choose not your fathers nor your
brethren for friends if they take pleasure in disbelief rather
than faith. Whoso of you taketh them for friends, such are
[9.24] Say: If your fathers, and your sons, and your brethren,
and your wives, and your tribe, and the wealth ye have acquired,
and merchandise for which ye fear that there will no sale, and
dwellings ye desire are dearer to you than Allah and His
messenger and striving in His way: then wait till Allah bringeth
His command to pass. Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
[9.25] Allah hath given you victory on many fields and on the
day of Huneyn, when ye exulted in your multitude but it availed
you naught, and the earth, vast as it is, was straitened for
you; then ye turned back in flight;
[9.26] Then Allah sent His peace of reassurance down upon His
messenger and upon the believers, and sent down hosts ye could
not see, and punished those who disbelieved. Such is the reward
[9.27] Then afterward Allah will relent toward whom He will; for
Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[9.28] O ye who believe! The idolaters only are unclean. So let
them not come near the Inviolable Place of Worship after this
their year. If ye fear poverty (from the loss of their
merchandise) Allah shall preserve you of His bounty if He will.
Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise.
[9.29] Fight against such of those who have been given the
Scripture as believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, and forbid
not that which Allah hath forbidden by His messenger, and follow
not the Religion of Truth, until they pay the tribute readily,
being brought low.
[9.30] And the Jews say: Ezra is the son of Allah, and the
Christians say: The Messiah is the son of Allah. That is their
saying with their mouths. They imitate the saying of those who
disbelieved of old. Allah (Himself) fighteth against them. How
perverse are they!
[9.31] They have taken as lords beside Allah their rabbis and
their monks and the Messiah son of Mary, when they were bidden
to worship only One God. There is no God save Him. Be He
Glorified from all that they ascribe as partner (unto Him)!
[9.32] Fain would they put out the light of Allah with their
mouths, but Allah disdaineth (aught) save that He shall perfect
His light, however much the disbelievers are averse.
[9.33] He it is Who hath sent His messenger with the guidance
and the Religion of Truth, that He may cause it to prevail over
all religion, however much the idolaters may be averse.
[9.34] O ye who believe! Lo! many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the
(Christian) monks devour the wealth of mankind wantonly and
debar (men) from the way of Allah. They who hoard up gold and
silver and spend it not in the way of Allah, unto them give
tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful doom,
[9.35] On the day when it will (all) be heated in the fire of
hell, and their foreheads and their flanks and their backs will
be branded therewith (and it will be said unto them): Here is
that which ye hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what ye used
[9.36] Lo! the number of the months with Allah is twelve months
by Allah's ordinance in the day that He created the heavens and
the earth. Four of them are sacred: that is the right religion.
So wrong not yourselves in them. And wage war on all of the
idolaters as they are waging war on all of you. And know that
Allah is with those who keep their duty (unto Him).
[9.37] Postponement (of a sacred month) is only an excess of
disbelief whereby those who disbelieve are misled; they allow it
one year and forbid it (another) year, that they may make up the
number of the months which Allah hath hallowed, so that they
allow that which Allah hath forbidden. The evil of their deeds
is made fairseeming unto them. Allah guideth not the
[9.38] O ye who believe! What aileth you that when it is said
unto you: Go forth in the way of Allah, ye are bowed down to the
ground with heaviness. Take ye pleasure in the life of the world
rather than in the Hereafter ? The comfort of the life of the
world is but little in the Hereafter.
[9.39] If ye go not forth He will afflict you with a painful
doom, and will choose instead of you a folk other than you. Ye
cannot harm Him at all. Allah is Able to do all things.
[9.40] If ye help him not, still Allah helped him when those who
disbelieve drove him forth, the second of two; when they two
were in the cave, when he said unto his comrade: Grieve not. Lo!
Allah is with us. Then Allah caused His peace of reassurance to
descend upon him and supported him with hosts ye cannot see, and
made the word of those who disbelieved the nethermost, while
Allah's Word it was that became the uppermost. Allah is Mighty,
[9.41] Go forth, light-armed and heavy-armed, and strive with
your wealth and your lives in the way of Allah! That is best for
you if ye but knew.
[9.42] Had it been a near adventure and an easy journey they had
followed thee, but the distance seemed too far for them. Yet
will they swear by Allah (saying): If we had been able we would
surely have set out with you. They destroy their souls, and
Allah knoweth that they verily are liars.
[9.43] Allah forgive thee (O Muhammad)! Wherefor didst thou
grant them leave ere those who told the truth were manifest to
thee and thou didst know the liars ?
[9.44] Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day ask no leave
of thee lest they should strive with their wealth and their
lives. Allah is Aware of those who keep their duty (unto Him).
[9.45] They alone ask leave of thee who believe not in Allah and
the Last Day, and whose hearts feel doubt, so in their doubt
[9.46] And if they had wished to go forth they would assuredly
have made ready some equipment, but Allah was averse to their
being sent forth and held them back and it was said (unto them):
Sit ye with the sedentary!
[9.47] Had they gone forth among you they had added to you
naught save trouble and had hurried to and fro among you,
seeking to cause sedition among you; and among you there are
some who would have listened to them. Allah is Aware of
[9.48] Aforetime they sought to cause sedition and raised
difficulties for thee till the Truth came and the decree of
Allah was made manifest, though they were loth.
[9.49] Of them is he who saith: Grant me leave (to stay at home)
and tempt me not. Surely it is into temptation that they (thus)
have fallen. Lo! hell verily is all around the disbelievers.
[9.50] If good befalleth thee (O Muhammad) it afflicteth them,
and if calamity befalleth thee, they say: We took precaution,
and they turn away well pleased.
[9.51] Say: Naught befalleth us save that which Allah hath
decreed for us. He is our Protecting Friend. In Allah let
believers put their trust!
[9.52] Say: Can ye await for us aught save one of two good
things (death or victory in Allah's way) ? while we await for
you that Allah will afflict you with a doom from Him or at our
hands. Await then! Lo! We are awaiting with you.
[9.53] Say: Pay (your contribution), willingly or unwillingly,
it will not be accepted from you. Lo! ye were ever froward folk.
[9.54] And naught preventeth that their contributions should be
accepted from them save that they have disbelieved in Allah and
in His messenger, and they come not to worship save as idlers,
and pay not (their contribution) save reluctantly.
[9.55] So let not their riches nor their children please thee (O
Muhammad). Allah thereby intendeth but to punish them in the
life of the world and that their souls shall pass away while
they are disbelievers.
[9.56] And they swear by Allah that they are in truth of you,
when they are not of you, but they are folk who are afraid.
[9.57] Had they but found a refuge, or caverns, or a place to
enter, they surely had resorted thither swift as runaways.
[9.58] And of them is he who defameth thee in the matter of the
alms. If they are given thereof they are content, and if they
are not given thereof, behold! they are enraged.
[9.59] (How much more seemly) had they been content with that
which Allah and His messenger had given them and had said: Allah
sufficeth us. Allah will give us of His bounty, and (also) His
messenger. Unto Allah we are suppliants.
[9.60] The alms are only for the poor and the needy, and those
who collect them, and those whose hearts are to be reconciled,
and to free the captives and the debtors, and for the cause of
Allah, and (for) the wayfarer; a duty imposed by Allah. Allah is
[9.61] And of them are those who vex the Prophet and say: He is
only a hearer. Say: A hearer of good for you, who believeth in
Allah and is true to the believers, and a mercy for such of you
as believe. Those who vex the messenger of Allah, for them there
is a painful doom.
[9.62] They swear by Allah to you (Muslims) to please you, but
Allah, with His messenger, hath more right that they should
please Him if they are believers.
[9.63] Know they not that whoso opposeth Allah and His
messenger, his verily is fire of hell, to abide therein ? That
is the extreme abasement.
[9.64] The hypocrites fear lest a surah should be revealed
concerning them, proclaiming what is in their hearts. Say: Scoff
(your fill)! Lo! Allah is disclosing what ye fear.
[9.65] And if thou ask them (O Muhammad) they will say: We did
but talk and jest. Say: Was it at Allah and His revelations and
His messenger that ye did scoff ?
[9.66] Make no excuse. Ye have disbelieved after your
(confession of) belief. If We forgive a party of you, a party of
you We shall punish because they have been guilty.
[9.67] The hypocrites, both men and women, proceed one from
another. They enjoin the wrong, and they forbid the right, and
they withhold their hands (from spending for the cause of
Allah). They forget Allah, so He hath forgotten them. Lo! the
hypocrites, they are the transgressors.
[9.68] Allah promiseth the hypocrites, both men and women, and
the disbelievers fire of hell for their abode. It will suffice
them. Allah curseth them, and theirs is lasting torment.
[9.69] Even as those before you who were mightier than you in
strength, and more affluent than you in wealth and children.
They enjoyed their lot awhile, so ye enjoy your lot awhile even
as those before you did enjoy their lot awhile. And ye prate
even as they prated. Such are they whose works have perished in
the world and the Hereafter. Such are they who are the losers.
[9.70] Hath not the fame of those before them reached them - the
folk of Noah, A'ad, Thamud, the folk of Abraham, the dwellers of
Midian and the disasters (which befell them) ? Their messengers
(from Allah) came unto them with proofs (of Allah's
Sovereignty). So Allah surely wronged them not, but they did
[9.71] And the believers, men and women, are protecting friends
one of another; they enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, and
they establish worship and they pay the poor-due, and they obey
Allah and His messenger. As for these, Allah will have mercy on
them. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[9.72] Allah promiseth to the believers, men and women, Gardens
underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide - blessed
dwellings in Gardens of Eden. And - greater (far)! - acceptance
from Allah. That is the supreme triumph.
[9.73] O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers and the
hypocrites! Be harsh with them. Their ultimate abode is hell, a
hapless journey's end.
[9.74] They swear by Allah that they said nothing (wrong), yet
they did say the word of disbelief, and did disbelieve after
their Surrender (to Allah). And they purposed that which they
could not attain, and they sought revenge only that Allah by His
messenger should enrich them of His bounty. If they repent it
will be better for them; and if they turn away, Allah will
afflict them with a painful doom in the world and the Hereafter,
and they have no protecting friend nor helper in the earth.
[9.75] And of them is he who made a covenant with Allah
(saying): If He give us of His bounty we will give alms and
become of the righteous.
[9.76] Yet when He gave them of His bounty, they hoarded it and
turned away, averse;
[9.77] So He hath made the consequence (to be) hypocrisy in
their hearts until the day when they shall meet Him, because
they broke their word to Allah that they promised Him, and
because they lied.
[9.78] Know they not that Allah knoweth both their secret and
the thought that they confide, and that Allah is the Knower of
Things Hidden ?
[9.79] Those who point at such of the believers as give the alms
willingly and such as can find naught to give but their
endeavours, and deride them - Allah (Himself) derideth them.
Theirs will be a painful doom.
[9.80] Ask forgiveness for them (O Muhammad), or ask not
forgiveness for them; though thou ask forgiveness for them
seventy times Allah will not forgive them. That is because they
disbelieved in Allah and His messenger, and Allah guideth not
[9.81] Those who were left behind rejoiced at sitting still
behind the messenger of Allah, and were averse to striving with
their wealth and their lives in Allah's way. And they said: Go
not forth in the heat! Say: The fire of hell is more intense of
heat, if they but understood.
[9.82] Then let them laugh a little: they will weep much, as the
reward of what they used to earn.
[9.83] If Allah bring thee back (from the campaign) unto a party
of them and they ask of thee leave to go out (to fight), then
say unto them: Ye shall never more go out with me nor fight with
me against a foe. Ye were content with sitting still the first
time. So sit still, with the useless.
[9.84] And never (O Muhammad) pray for one of them who dieth,
nor stand by his grave. Lo! they disbelieved in Allah and His
messenger, and they died while they were evil-doers.
[9.85] Let not their wealth nor their children please thee!
Allah purposeth only to punish them thereby in the world, and
that their souls shall pass away while they are disbelievers.
[9.86] And when a surah is revealed (which saith): Believe in
Allah and strive along with His messenger, the men of wealth
among them still ask leave of thee and say: Suffer us to be with
those who sit (at home).
[9.87] They are content that they should be with the useless and
their hearts are sealed, so that they apprehend not.
[9.88] But the messenger and those who believe with him strive
with their wealth and their lives. Such are they for whom are
the good things. Such are they who are the successful.
[9.89] Allah hath made ready for them Gardens underneath which
rivers flow, wherein they will abide. That is the supreme
[9.90] And those among the wandering Arabs who had an excuse
came in order that permission might be granted them. And those
who lied to Allah and His messenger sat at home. A painful doom
will fall on those of them who disbelieve.
[9.91] Not unto the weak nor unto the sick nor unto those who
can find naught to spend is any fault (to be imputed though they
stay at home) if they are true to Allah and His messenger. Not
unto the good is there any road (of blame). Allah is Forgiving,
[9.92] Nor unto those whom, when they came to thee (asking) that
thou shouldst mount them, thou didst tell: I cannot find whereon
to mount you. They turned back with eyes flowing with tears, for
sorrow that they could not find the means to spend.
[9.93] The road (of blame) is only against those who ask for
leave of thee (to stay at home) when they are rich. They are
content to be with the useless. Allah hath sealed their hearts
so that they know not.
[9.94] They will make excuse to you (Muslims) when ye return
unto them. Say: Make no excuse, for we shall not believe you.
Allah hath told us tidings of you. Allah and His messenger will
see your conduct, and then ye will be brought back unto Him Who
knoweth the Invisible as well as the Visible, and He will tell
you what ye used to do.
[9.95] They will swear by Allah unto you, when ye return unto
them, that ye may let them be. Let them be, for lo! they are
unclean, and their abode is hell as the reward for what they
used to earn.
[9.96] They swear unto you, that ye may accept them. Though ye
accept them. Allah verily accepteth not wrongdoing folk.
[9.97] The wandering Arabs are more hard in disbelief and
hypocrisy, and more likely to be ignorant of the limits which
Allah hath revealed unto His messenger. And Allah is Knower,
[9.98] And of the wandering Arabs there is he who taketh that
which he expendeth (for the cause of Allah) as a loss, and
awaiteth (evil) turns of fortune for you (that he may be rid of
it). The evil turn of fortune will be theirs. Allah is Hearer,
[9.99] And of the wandering Arabs there is he who believeth in
Allah and the Last Day, and taketh that which he expendeth and
also the prayers of the messenger as acceptable offerings in the
sight of Allah. Lo! verily it is an acceptable offering for
them. Allah will bring them into His mercy. Lo! Allah is
[9.100] And the first to lead the way, of the Muhajirin and the
Ansar, and those who followed them in goodness - Allah is well
pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him, and He
hath made ready for them Gardens underneath which rivers flow,
wherein they will abide for ever. That is the supreme triumph.
[9.101] And among those around you of the wandering Arabs there
are hypocrites, and among the townspeople of Al-Madinah (there
are some who) persist in hypocrisy whom thou (O Muhammad)
knowest not. We, We know them, and We shall chastise them twice;
then they will be relegated to a painful doom.
[9.102] And (there are) others who have acknowledged their
faults. They mixed a righteous action with another that was bad.
It may be that Allah will relent toward them. Lo! Allah is
[9.103] Take alms of their wealth, wherewith thou mayst purify
them and mayst make them grow, and pray for them. Lo! thy prayer
is an assuagement for them. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
[9.104] Know they not that Allah is He Who accepteth repentance
from His bondmen and taketh the alms, and that Allah is He Who
is the Relenting, the Merciful.
[9.105] And say (unto them): Act! Allah will behold your
actions, and (so will) His messenger and the believers, and ye
will be brought back to the Knower of the Invisible and the
Visible, and He will tell you what ye used to do.
[9.106] And (there are) others who await Allah's decree, whether
He will punish them or will forgive them. Allah is Knower, Wise.
[9.107] And as for those who chose a place of worship out of
opposition and disbelief, and in order to cause dissent among
the believers, and as an outpost for those who warred against
Allah and His messenger aforetime, they will surely swear: We
purposed naught save good. Allah beareth witness that they
verily are liars.
[9.108] Never stand (to pray) there. A place of worship which
was found upon duty (to Allah) from the first day is more worthy
that thou shouldst stand (to pray) therein, wherein are men who
love to purify themselves. Allah loveth the purifiers.
[9.109] Is he who founded his building upon duty to Allah and
His good pleasure better; or he who founded his building on the
brink of a crumbling, overhanging precipice so that it toppled
with him into the fire of hell ? Allah guideth not wrongdoing
[9.110] The building which they built will never cease to be a
misgiving in their hearts unless their hearts be torn to pieces.
Allah is Knower, Wise.
[9.111] Lo! Allah hath bought from the believers their lives and
their wealth because the Garden will be theirs: they shall fight
in the way of Allah and shall slay and be slain. It is a promise
which is binding on Him in the Torah and the Gospel and the
Qur'an. Who fulfilleth His covenant better than Allah ? Rejoice
then in your bargain that ye have made, for that is the supreme
[9.112] (Triumphant) are those who turn repentant (to Allah),
those who serve (Him), those who praise (Him), those who fast,
those who bow down, those who fall prostrate (in worship), those
who enjoin the right and who forbid the wrong and those who keep
the limits (ordained) of Allah - And give glad tidings to
[9.113] It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to
pray for the forgiveness of idolaters even though they may be
near of kin (to them) after it hath become clear that they are
people of hell-fire.
[9.114] The prayer of Abraham for the forgiveness of his father
was only because of a promise he had promised him, but when it
had become clear unto him that he (his father) was an enemy to
Allah he (Abraham) disowned him. Lo! Abraham was soft of heart,
[9.115] It was never Allah's (part) that He should send a folk
astray after He had guided them until He had made clear unto
them what they should avoid. Lo! Allah is Aware of all things.
[9.116] Lo! Allah! Unto Him belongeth the Sovereignty of the
heavens and the earth. He quickeneth and He giveth death. And ye
have, instead of Allah, no protecting friend nor helper.
[9.117] Allah hath turned in mercy to the Prophet, and to the
Muhajirin and the Ansar who followed him in the hour of
hardship. After the hearts of a party of them had almost swerved
aside, then turned He unto them in mercy. Lo! He is Full of
Pity, Merciful for them.
[9.118] And to the three also (did He turn in mercy) who were
left behind, when the earth, vast as it is, was straitened for
them, and their own souls were straitened for them till they
bethought them that there is no refuge from Allah save toward
Him. Then turned He unto them in mercy that they (too) might
turn (repentant unto Him). Lo! Allah! He is the Relenting, the
[9.119] O ye who believe! Be careful of your duty to Allah, and
be with the truthful.
[9.120] It is not for the townsfolk of Al-Madinah and for those
around them of the wandering Arabs so stay behind the messenger
of Allah and prefer their lives to his life. That is because
neither thirst nor toil nor hunger afflicteth them in the way of
Allah, nor step they any step that angereth the disbelievers,
nor gain they from the enemy a gain, but a good deed is recorded
for them therefor. Lo! Allah loseth not the wages of the good.
[9.121] Nor spend they any spending, small or great, nor do they
cross a valley, but it is recorded for them, that Allah may
repay them the best of what they used to do.
[9.122] And the believers should not all go out to fight. Of
every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they
(who are left behind) may gain sound knowledge in religion, and
that they may warn their folk when they return to them, so that
they may beware.
[9.123] O ye who believe! Fight those of the disbelievers who
are near to you, and let them find harshness in you, and know
that Allah is with those who keep their duty (unto Him).
[9.124] And whenever a surah is revealed there are some of them
who say: Which one of you hath thus increased in faith ? As for
those who believe, it hath increased them in faith and they
[9.125] But as for those in whose hearts is disease, it only
addeth wickedness to their wickedness, and they die while they
[9.126] See they not that they are tested once or twice in every
year ? Still they turn not in repentance, neither pay they heed.
[9.127] And whenever a surah is revealed, they look one at
another (as who should say): Doth anybody see you ? Then they
turn away. Allah turneth away their hearts because they are a
folk who understand not.
[9.128] There hath come unto you a messenger, (one) of
yourselves, unto whom aught that ye are overburdened is
grievous, full of concern for you, for the believers full of
[9.129] Now, if they turn away (O Muhammad) say: Allah sufficeth
me. There is no God save Him. In Him have I put my trust, and He
is Lord of the Tremendous Throne.