[2.1] Alif. Lam. Mim.
[2.2] This is the Scripture whereof there is no doubt, a
guidance unto those who ward off (evil).
[2.3] Who believe in the Unseen, and establish worship, and
spend of that We have bestowed upon them;
[2.4] And who believe in that which is revealed unto thee
(Muhammad) and that which was revealed before thee, and are
certain of the Hereafter.
[2.5] These depend on guidance from their Lord. These are the
[2.6] As for the Disbelievers, Whether thou warn them or thou
warn them not it is all one for them; they believe not.
[2.7] Allah hath sealed their hearing and their hearts, and on
their eyes there is a covering. Theirs will be an awful doom.
[2.8] And of mankind are some who say: We believe in Allah and
the Last Day, when they believe not.
[2.9] They think to beguile Allah and those who believe, and
they beguile none save themselves; but they perceive not.
[2.10] In their hearts is a disease, and Allah increaseth their
disease. A painful doom is theirs because they lie.
[2.11] And when it is said unto them: Make not mischief in the
earth, they say: We are peacemakers only.
[2.12] Are not they indeed the mischief-makers ? But they
[2.13] And when it is said unto them: believe as the people
believe, they say: shall we believe as the foolish believe ? are
not they indeed the foolish ? But they know not.
[2.14] And when they fall in with those who believe, they say:
We believe; but when they go apart to their devils they declare:
Lo! we are with you; verily we did but mock.
[2.15] Allah (Himself) doth mock them, leaving them to wander
blindly on in their contumacy.
[2.16] These are they who purchase error at the price of
guidance, so their commerce doth not prosper, neither are they
[2.17] Their likeness is as the likeness of one who kindleth
fire, and when it sheddeth its light around him Allah taketh
away their light and leaveth them in darkness, where they cannot
[2.18] Deaf, dumb and blind; and they return not.
[2.19] Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness,
thunder and the flash of lightning. They thrust their fingers in
their ears by reason of the thunder-claps, for fear of death,
Allah encompasseth the disbelievers (in His guidance, His
omniscience and His omnipotence).
[2.20] The lightning almost snatcheth away their sight from
them. As often as it flasheth forth for them they walk therein,
and when it darkeneth against them they stand still. If Allah
willed, He could destroy their hearing and their sight. Lo!
Allah is able to do all things.
[2.21] O mankind! worship your Lord, Who hath created you and
those before you, so that ye may ward off (evil).
[2.22] Who hath appointed the earth a resting-place for you, and
the sky a canopy; and causeth water to pour down from the sky,
thereby producing fruits as food for you. And do not set up
rivals to Allah when ye know (better).
[2.23] And if ye are in doubt concerning that which We reveal
unto Our slave (Muhammad), then produce a surah of the like
thereof, and call your witness beside Allah if ye are truthful.
[2.24] And if ye do it not - and ye can never do it - then guard
yourselves against the Fire prepared for disbelievers, whose
fuel is of men and stones.
[2.25] And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) unto those who believe
and do good works; that theirs are Gardens underneath which
rivers flow; as often as they are regaled with food of the fruit
thereof, they say: this is what was given us aforetime; and it
is given to them in resemblance. There for them are pure
companions; there for ever they abide.
[2.26] Lo! Allah disdaineth not to coin the similitude even of a
gnat. Those who believe know that it is the truth from their
Lord; but those who disbelieve say: What doth Allah wish (to
teach) by such a similitude ? He misleadeth many thereby, and He
guideth many thereby; and He misleadeth thereby only miscreants;
[2.27] Those who break the covenant of Allah after ratifying it,
and sever that which Allah ordered to be joined, and (who) make
mischief in the earth: Those are they who are the losers.
[2.28] How disbelieve ye in Allah when ye were dead and He gave
life to you! Then He will give you death, then life again, and
then unto Him ye will return.
[2.29] He it is Who created for you all that is in the earth.
Then turned He to the heaven, and fashioned it as seven heavens.
And He is knower of all things.
[2.30] And when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to
place a viceroy in the earth, they said: Wilt thou place therein
one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we
hymn Thy praise and sanctify Thee ? He said: Surely I know that
which ye know not.
[2.31] And He taught Adam all the names, then showed them to the
angels, saying: Inform Me of the names of these, if ye are
[2.32] They said: Be glorified! We have no knowledge saving that
which Thou hast taught us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Knower,
[2.33] He said: O Adam! Inform them of their names, and when he
had informed them of their names, He said: Did I not tell you
that I know the secret of the heavens and the earth ? And I know
that which ye disclose and which ye hide.
[2.34] And when We said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves
before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. He demurred
through pride, and so became a disbeliever.
[2.35] And We said: O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the
Garden, and eat ye freely (of the fruits) thereof where ye will;
but come not nigh this tree lest ye become wrong-doers.
[2.36] But Satan caused them to deflect therefrom and expelled
them from the (happy) state in which they were; and We said:
Fall down, one of you a foe unto the other! There shall be for
you on earth a habitation and provision for a time.
[2.37] Then Adam received from his Lord words (of revelation),
and He relented toward him. Lo! He is the relenting, the
[2.38] We said: Go down, all of you, from hence; but verily
there cometh unto you from Me a guidance; and whoso followeth My
guidance, there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they
[2.39] But they who disbelieve, and deny Our revelations, such
are rightful Peoples of the Fire. They will abide therein.
[2.40] O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I
favoured you, and fulfil your (part of the) covenant, I shall
fulfil My (part of the) covenant, and fear Me.
[2.41] And believe in that which I reveal, confirming that which
ye possess already (of the Scripture), and be not first to
disbelieve therein, and part not with My revelations for a
trifling price, and keep your duty unto Me.
[2.42] Confound not truth with falsehood, nor knowingly conceal
[2.43] Establish worship, pay the poor-due, and bow your heads
with those who bow (in worship).
[2.44] Enjoin ye righteousness upon mankind while ye yourselves
forget (to practise it) ? And ye are readers of the Scripture!
Have ye then no sense ?
[2.45] Seek help in patience and prayer; and truly it is hard
save for the humble-minded,
[2.46] Who know that they will have to meet their Lord, and that
unto Him they are returning.
[2.47] O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I
favoured you and how I preferred you to (all) creatures.
[2.48] And guard yourselves against a day when no soul will in
aught avail another, nor will intercession be accepted from it,
nor will compensation be received from it, nor will they be
[2.49] And (remember) when We did deliver you from Pharaoh's
folk, who were afflicting you with dreadful torment, slaying
your sons and sparing your women: that was a tremendous trial
from your Lord.
[2.50] And when We brought you through the sea and rescued you,
and drowned the folk of Pharaoh in your sight.
[2.51] And when We did appoint for Moses forty nights (of
solitude), and then ye chose the calf, when he had gone from
you, and were wrong-doers.
[2.52] Then, even after that, We pardoned you in order that ye
might give thanks.
[2.53] And when We gave unto Moses the Scripture and the
criterion (of right and wrong), that ye might be led aright.
[2.54] And when Moses said unto his people: O my people! Ye have
wronged yourselves by your choosing of the calf (for worship) so
turn in penitence to your Creator, and kill (the guilty)
yourselves. That will be best for you with your Creator and He
will relent toward you. Lo! He is the Relenting, the Merciful.
[2.55] And when ye said: O Moses! We will not believe in thee
till we see Allah plainly; and even while ye gazed the lightning
[2.56] Then We revived you after your extinction, that ye might
[2.57] And We caused the white cloud to overshadow you and sent
down on you the manna and the quails, (saying): Eat of the good
things wherewith We have provided you - they wronged Us not, but
they did wrong themselves.
[2.58] And when We said: Go into this township and eat freely of
that which is therein, and enter the gate prostrate, and say:
"Repentance." We will forgive you your sins and will increase
(reward) for the right-doers.
[2.59] But those who did wrong changed the word which had been
told them for another saying, and We sent down upon the
evil-doers wrath from heaven for their evil-doing.
[2.60] And when Moses asked for water for his people, We said:
Smite with thy staff the rock. And there gushed out therefrom
twelve springs (so that) each tribe knew their drinking-place.
Eat and drink of that which Allah hath provided, and do not act
corruptly, making mischief in the earth.
[2.61] And when ye said: O Moses! We are weary of one kind of
food; so call upon thy Lord for us that He bring forth for us of
that which the earth groweth - of its herbs and its cucumbers
and its corn and its lentils and its onions. He said: Would ye
exchange that which is higher for that which is lower ? Go down
to settled country, thus ye shall get that which ye demand. And
humiliation and wretchedness were stamped upon them and they
were visited with wrath from Allah. That was because they
disbelieved in Allah's revelations and slew the prophets
wrongfully. That was for their disobedience and transgression.
[2.62] Lo! Those who believe (in that which is revealed unto
thee, Muhammad), and those who are Jews, and Christians, and
Sabaeans - whoever believeth in Allah and the Last Day and doeth
right - surely their reward is with their Lord, and there shall
no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
[2.63] And (remember, O Children of Israel) when We made a
covenant with you and caused the mount to tower above you,
(saying): Hold fast that which We have given you, and remember
that which is therein, that ye may ward off (evil).
[2.64] Then, even after that, ye turned away, and if it had not
been for the grace of Allah and His mercy ye had been among the
[2.65] And ye know of those of you who broke the Sabbath, how We
said unto them: Be ye apes, despised and hated!
[2.66] And We made it an example to their own and to succeeding
generations, and an admonition to the God-fearing.
[2.67] And when Moses said unto his people: Lo! Allah commandeth
you that ye sacrifice a cow, they said: Dost thou make game of
us ? He answered: Allah forbid that I should be among the
[2.68] They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear
to us what (cow) she is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith, Verily
she is a cow neither with calf nor immature; (she is) between
the two conditions; so do that which ye are commanded.
[2.69] They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear
to us of what colour she is. (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith:
Verily she is a yellow cow. Bright is her colour, gladdening
[2.70] They said: Pray for us unto thy Lord that He make clear
to us what (cow) she is. Lo! cows are much alike to us; and Lo!
if Allah wills, we may be led aright.
[2.71] (Moses) answered: Lo! He saith: Verily she is a cow
unyoked; she plougheth not the soil nor watereth the tilth;
whole and without mark. They said: Now thou bringest the truth.
So they sacrificed her, though almost they did not.
[2.72] And (remember) when ye slew a man and disagreed
concerning it and Allah brought forth that which ye were hiding.
[2.73] And We said: Smite him with some of it. Thus Allah
bringeth the dead to life and showeth you His portents so that
ye may understand.
[2.74] Then, even after that, your hearts were hardened and
became as rocks, or worse than rocks, for hardness. For indeed
there are rocks from out which rivers gush, and indeed there are
rocks which split asunder so that water floweth from them. And
indeed there are rocks which fall down for the fear of Allah.
Allah is not unaware of what ye do.
[2.75] Have ye any hope that they will be true to you when a
party of them used to listen to the word of Allah, then used to
change it, after they had understood it, knowingly ?
[2.76] And when they fall in with those who believe, they say:
We believe. But when they go apart one with another they say:
Prate ye to them of that which Allah hath disclosed to you that
they may contend with you before your Lord concerning it ? Have
ye then no sense ?
[2.77] Are they then unaware that Allah knoweth that which they
keep hidden and that which they proclaim ?
[2.78] Among them are unlettered folk who know the Scripture not
except from hearsay. They but guess.
[2.79] Therefore woe be unto those who write the Scripture with
their hands and then say, "This is from Allah," that they may
purchase a small gain therewith. Woe unto them for that their
hands have written, and woe unto them for that they earn
[2.80] And they say: The Fire (of punishment) will not touch us
save for a certain number of days. Say: Have ye received a
covenant from Allah - truly Allah will not break His covenant -
or tell ye concerning Allah that which ye know not ?
[2.81] Nay, but whosoever hath done evil and his sin surroundeth
him; such are rightful owners of the Fire; they will abide
[2.82] And those who believe and do good works: such are
rightful owners of the Garden. They will abide therein.
[2.83] And (remember) when We made a covenant with the Children
of Israel, (saying): Worship none save Allah (only), and be good
to parents and to kindred and to orphans and the needy, and
speak kindly to mankind; and establish worship and pay the
poor-due. Then, after that, ye slid back, save a few of you,
[2.84] And when We made with you a covenant (saying): Shed not
the blood of your people nor turn (a party of) your people out
of your dwellings. Then ye ratified (Our covenant) and ye were
[2.85] Yet ye it is who slay each other and drive out a party of
your people from their homes, supporting one another against
them by sin and transgression ? - and if they came to you as
captives ye would ransom them, whereas their expulsion was
itself unlawful for you - Believe ye in part of the Scripture
and disbelieve ye in part thereof ? And what is the reward of
those who do so save ignominy in the life of the world, and on
the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most
grievous doom. For Allah is not unaware of what ye do.
[2.86] Such are those who buy the life of the world at the price
of the Hereafter. Their punishment will not be lightened,
neither will they have support.
[2.87] And verily We gave unto Moses the Scripture and We caused
a train of messengers to follow after him, and We gave unto
Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah's sovereignty), and
We supported him with the Holy spirit. Is it ever so, that, when
there cometh unto you a messenger (from Allah) with that which
ye yourselves desire not, ye grow arrogant, and some ye
disbelieve and some ye slay ?
[2.88] And they say: Our hearts are hardened. Nay, but Allah
hath cursed them for their unbelief. Little is that which they
[2.89] And when there cometh unto them a scripture from Allah,
confirming that in their possession - though before that they
were asking for a signal triumph over those who disbelieved -
and when there cometh unto them that which they know (to be the
truth) they disbelieve therein. The curse of Allah is on
[2.90] Evil is that for which they sell their souls: that they
should disbelieve in that which Allah hath revealed, grudging
that Allah should reveal of His bounty unto whom He will of His
slaves. They have incurred anger upon anger. For disbelievers is
a shameful doom.
[2.91] And when it is said unto them: Believe in that which
Allah hath revealed, they say: We believe in that which was
revealed unto us. And they disbelieve in that which cometh after
it, though it is the truth confirming that which they possess.
Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Why then slew ye the prophets of
Allah aforetime, if ye are (indeed) believers ?
[2.92] And Moses came unto you with clear proofs (of Allah's
Sovereignty), yet, while he was away, ye chose the calf (for
worship) and ye were wrong-doers.
[2.93] And when We made with you a covenant and caused the Mount
to tower above you, (saying): Hold fast by that which We have
given you, and hear (Our Word), they said: We hear and we rebel.
And (worship of) the calf was made to sink into their hearts
because of their rejection (of the covenant). Say (unto them):
Evil is that which your belief enjoineth on you, if ye are
[2.94] Say (unto them): If the abode of the Hereafter in the
providence of Allah is indeed for you alone and not for others
of mankind (as ye pretend), then long for death (for ye must
long for death) if ye are truthful.
[2.95] But they will never long for it, because of that which
their own hands have sent before them. Allah is aware of
[2.96] And thou wilt find them greediest of mankind for life and
(greedier) than the idolaters. (Each) one of them would like to
be allowed to live a thousand years. And to live (a thousand
years) would be no means remove him from the doom. Allah is Seer
of what they do.
[2.97] Say (O Muhammad, to mankind): Who is an enemy to Gabriel!
For he it is who hath revealed (this Scripture) to thy heart by
Allah's leave, confirming that which was (revealed) before it,
and a guidance and glad tidings to believers;
[2.98] Who is an enemy to Allah, and His angels and His
messengers, and Gabriel and Michael! Then, lo! Allah (Himself)
is an enemy to the disbelievers.
[2.99] Verily We have revealed unto thee clear tokens, and only
miscreants will disbelieve in them.
[2.100] Is it ever so that when they make a covenant a party of
them set it aside ? The truth is, most of them believe not.
[2.101] And when there cometh unto them a messenger from Allah,
confirming that which they possess, a party of those who have
received the Scripture fling the Scripture of Allah behind their
backs as if they knew not,
[2.102] And follow that which the devils falsely related against
the kingdom of Solomon. Solomon disbelieved not; but the devils
disbelieved, teaching mankind magic and that which was revealed
to the two angels in Babel, Harut and Marut. Nor did they (the
two angels) teach it to anyone till they had said: We are only a
temptation, therefore disbelieve not (in the guidance of Allah).
And from these two (angles) people learn that by which they
cause division between man and wife; but they injure thereby
no-one save by Allah's leave. And they learn that which harmeth
them and profiteth them not. And surely they do know that he who
trafficketh therein will have no (happy) portion in the
Hereafter; and surely evil is the price for which they sell
their souls, if they but knew.
[2.103] And if they had believed and kept from evil, a
recompense from Allah would be better, if they only knew.
[2.104] O ye who believe, say not (unto the Prophet): "Listen to
us" but say "Look upon us," and be ye listeners. For
disbelievers is a painful doom.
[2.105] Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the
Scripture nor the idolaters love that there should be sent down
unto you any good thing from your Lord. But Allah chooseth for
His mercy whom He will, and Allah is of Infinite Bounty.
[2.106] Nothing of our revelation (even a single verse) do we
abrogate or cause be forgotten, but we bring (in place) one
better or the like thereof. Knowest thou not that Allah is Able
to do all things ?
[2.107] Knowest thou not that it is Allah unto Whom belongeth
the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth; and ye have not,
beside Allah, any guardian or helper ?
[2.108] Or would ye question your messenger as Moses was
questioned aforetime ? He who chooseth disbelief instead of
faith, verily he hath gone astray from a plain road.
[2.109] Many of the people of the Scripture long to make you
disbelievers after your belief, through envy on their own
account, after the truth hath become manifest unto them. Forgive
and be indulgent (toward them) until Allah give command. Lo!
Allah is Able to do all things.
[2.110] Establish worship, and pay the poor-due; and whatever of
good ye send before (you) for your souls, ye will find it with
Allah. Lo! Allah is Seer of what ye do.
[2.111] And they say: None entereth paradise unless he be a Jew
or a Christian. These are their own desires. Say: Bring your
proof (of what ye state) if ye are truthful.
[2.112] Nay, but whosoever surrendereth his purpose to Allah
while doing good, his reward is with his Lord; and there shall
no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
[2.113] And the Jews say the Christians follow nothing (true),
and the Christians say the Jews follow nothing (true); yet both
are readers of the Scripture. Even thus speak those who know
not. Allah will judge between them on the Day of Resurrection
concerning that wherein they differ.
[2.114] And who doth greater wrong than he who forbiddeth the
approach to the sanctuaries of Allah lest His name should be
mentioned therein, and striveth for their ruin. As for such, it
was never meant that they should enter them except in fear.
Theirs in the world is ignominy and theirs in the Hereafter is
an awful doom.
[2.115] Unto Allah belong the East and the West, and
whithersoever ye turn, there is Allah's Countenance. Lo! Allah
is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
[2.116] And they say: Allah hath taken unto Himself a son. Be He
glorified! Nay, but whatsoever is in the heavens and the earth
is His. All are subservient unto Him.
[2.117] The Originator of the heavens and the earth! When He
decreeth a thing, He saith unto it only: Be! and it is.
[2.118] And those who have no knowledge say: Why doth not Allah
speak unto us, or some sign come unto us ? Even thus, as they
now speak, spake those (who were) before them. Their hearts are
all alike. We have made clear the revelations for people who are
[2.119] Lo! We have sent thee (O Muhammad) with the truth, a
bringer of glad tidings and a warner. And thou wilt not be asked
about the owners of hell-fire.
[2.120] And the Jews will not be pleased with thee, nor will the
Christians, till thou follow their creed. Say: Lo! the guidance
of Allah (Himself) is Guidance. And if thou shouldst follow
their desires after the knowledge which hath come unto thee,
then wouldst thou have from Allah no protecting guardian nor
[2.121] Those unto whom We have given the Scripture, who read it
with the right reading, those believe in it. And whoso
disbelieveth in it, those are they who are the losers.
[2.122] O Children of Israel! Remember My favour wherewith I
favoured you and how I preferred you to (all) creatures.
[2.123] And guard (yourselves) against a day when no soul will
in aught avail another, nor will compensation be accepted from
it, nor will intercession be of use to it; nor will they be
[2.124] And (remember) when his Lord tried Abraham with (His)
commands, and he fulfilled them, He said: Lo! I have appointed
thee a leader for mankind. (Abraham) said: And of my offspring
(will there be leaders) ? He said: My covenant includeth not
[2.125] And when We made the House (at Makka) a resort for
mankind and sanctuary, (saying): Take as your place of worship
the place where Abraham stood (to pray). And We imposed a duty
upon Abraham and Ishmael, (saying): Purify My house for those
who go around and those who meditate therein and those who bow
down and prostrate themselves (in worship).
[2.126] And when Abraham prayed: My Lord! Make this a region of
security and bestow upon its people fruits, such of them as
believe in Allah and the Last Day, He answered: As for him who
disbelieveth, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then
I shall compel him to the doom of Fire - a hapless journey's
[2.127] And when Abraham and Ishmael were raising the
foundations of the House, (Abraham prayed): Our Lord! Accept
from us (this duty). Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Hearer, the
[2.128] Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our
seed a nation submissive unto Thee, and show us our ways of
worship, and relent toward us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the
Relenting, the Merciful.
[2.129] Our Lord! And raise up in their midst a messenger from
among them who shall recite unto them Thy revelations, and shall
instruct them in the Scripture and in wisdom and shall make them
grow. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Mighty, Wise.
[2.130] And who forsaketh the religion of Abraham save him who
befooleth himself ? Verily We chose him in the world, and lo! in
the Hereafter he is among the righteous.
[2.131] When his Lord said unto him: Surrender! he said: I have
surrendered to the Lord of the Worlds.
[2.132] The same did Abraham enjoin upon his sons, and also
Jacob, (saying): O my sons! Lo! Allah hath chosen for you the
(true) religion; therefore die not save as men who have
surrendered (unto Him).
[2.133] Or were ye present when death came to Jacob, when he
said unto his sons: What will ye worship after me ? They said:
We shall worship thy God, the God of thy fathers, Abraham and
Ishmael and Isaac, One God, and unto Him we have surrendered.
[2.134] Those are a people who have passed away. Theirs is that
which they earned, and yours is that which ye earn. And ye will
not be asked of what they used to do.
[2.135] And they say: Be Jews or Christians, then ye will be
rightly guided. Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Nay, but (we
follow) the religion of Abraham, the upright, and he was not of
[2.136] Say (O Muslims): We believe in Allah and that which is
revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham, and
Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which
Moses and Jesus received, and that which the prophets received
from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and
unto Him we have surrendered.
[2.137] And if they believe in the like of that which ye
believe, then are they rightly guided. But if they turn away,
then are they in schism, and Allah will suffice thee (for
defence) against them. He is the Hearer, the Knower.
[2.138] (We take our) colour from Allah, and who is better than
Allah at colouring. We are His worshippers.
[2.139] Say (unto the People of the Scripture): Dispute ye with
us concerning Allah when He is our Lord and your Lord ? Ours are
our works and yours your works. We look to Him alone.
[2.140] Or say ye that Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and
Jacob, and the tribes were Jews or Christians ? Say: Do ye know
best, or doth Allah ? And who is more unjust than he who hideth
a testimony which he hath received from Allah ? Allah is not
unaware of what ye do.
[2.141] Those are a people who have passed away; theirs is that
which they earned and yours that which ye earn. And ye will not
be asked of what they used to do.
[2.142] The foolish of the people will say: What hath turned
them from the qiblah which they formerly observed ? Say: Unto
Allah belong the East and the West. He guideth whom He will unto
a straight path.
[2.143] Thus We have appointed you a middle nation, that ye may
be witnesses against mankind, and that the messenger may be a
witness against you. And We appointed the qiblah which ye
formerly observed only that We might know him who followeth the
messenger, from him who turneth on his heels. In truth it was a
hard (test) save for those whom Allah guided. But it was not
Allah's purpose that your faith should be in vain, for Allah is
Full of Pity, Merciful toward mankind.
[2.144] We have seen the turning of thy face to heaven (for
guidance, O Muhammad). And now verily We shall make thee turn
(in prayer) toward a qiblah which is dear to thee. So turn thy
face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship, and ye (O Muslims),
wheresoever ye may be, turn your faces (when ye pray) toward it.
Lo! Those who have received the Scripture know that (this
revelation) is the Truth from their Lord. And Allah is not
unaware of what they do.
[2.145] And even if thou broughtest unto those who have received
the Scripture all kinds of portents, they would not follow thy
qiblah, nor canst thou be a follower of their qiblah; nor are
some of them followers of the qiblah of others. And if thou
shouldst follow their desires after the knowledge which hath
come unto thee, then surely wert thou of the evil-doers.
[2.146] Those unto whom We gave the Scripture recognise (this
revelation) as they recognise their sons. But lo! a party of
them knowingly conceal the truth.
[2.147] It is the Truth from thy Lord (O Muhammad), so be not
thou of those who waver.
[2.148] And each one hath a goal toward which he turneth; so vie
with one another in good works. Wheresoever ye may be, Allah
will bring you all together. Lo! Allah is Able to do all things.
[2.149] And whencesoever thou comest forth (for prayer, O
Muhammad) turn thy face toward the Inviolable Place of Worship.
Lo! it is the Truth from thy Lord. Allah is not unaware of what
[2.150] Whencesoever thou comest forth turn thy face toward the
Inviolable Place of Worship; and wheresoever ye may be (O
Muslims) turn your faces toward it (when ye pray) so that men
may have no argument against you, save such of them as do
injustice - Fear them not, but fear Me! - and so that I may
complete My grace upon you, and that ye may be guided.
[2.151] Even as We have sent unto you a messenger from among
you, who reciteth unto you Our revelations and causeth you to
grow, and teacheth you the Scripture and wisdom, and teacheth
you that which ye knew not.
[2.152] Therefore remember Me, I will remember you. Give thanks
to Me, and reject not Me.
[2.153] O ye who believe! Seek help in steadfastness and prayer.
Lo! Allah is with the steadfast.
[2.154] And call not those who are slain in the way of Allah
"dead." Nay, they are living, only ye perceive not.
[2.155] And surely We shall try you with something of fear and
hunger, and loss of wealth and lives and crops; but give glad
tidings to the steadfast,
[2.156] Who say, when a misfortune striketh them: Lo! we are
Allah's and lo! unto Him we are returning.
[2.157] Such are they on whom are blessings from their Lord, and
mercy. Such are the rightly guided.
[2.158] Lo! (the mountains) As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the
indications of Allah. It is therefore no sin for him who is on
pilgrimage to the House (of God) or visiteth it, to go around
them (as the pagan custom is). And he who doeth good of his own
accord, (for him) lo! Allah is Responsive, Aware.
[2.159] Lo! Those who hide the proofs and the guidance which We
revealed, after We had made it clear to mankind in the
Scripture: such are accursed of Allah and accursed of those who
have the power to curse.
[2.160] Except those who repent and amend and make manifest (the
truth). These it is toward whom I relent. I am the Relenting,
[2.161] Lo! Those who disbelieve, and die while they are
disbelievers; on them is the curse of Allah and of angels and of
[2.162] They ever dwell therein. The doom will not be lightened
for them, neither will they be reprieved.
[2.163] Your God is One God; there is no God save Him, the
Beneficent, the Merciful.
[2.164] Lo! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and
the difference of night and day, and the ships which run upon
the sea with that which is of use to men, and the water which
Allah sendeth down from the sky, thereby reviving the earth
after its death, and dispersing all kinds of beasts therein, and
(in) the ordinance of the winds, and the clouds obedient between
heaven and earth: are signs (of Allah's Sovereignty) for people
who have sense.
[2.165] Yet of mankind are some who take unto themselves
(objects of worship which they set as) rivals to Allah, loving
them with a love like (that which is the due) of Allah (only) -
those who believe are stauncher in their love for Allah - Oh,
that those who do evil had but known, (on the day) when they
behold the doom, that power belongeth wholly to Allah, and that
Allah is severe in punishment!
[2.166] (On the day) when those who were followed disown those
who followed (them), and they behold the doom, and all their
aims collapse with them.
[2.167] And those who were but followers will say: If a return
were possible for us, we would disown them even as they have
disowned us. Thus will Allah show them their own deeds as
anguish for them, and they will not emerge from the Fire.
[2.168] O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and wholesome in
the earth, and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! he is
an open enemy for you.
[2.169] He enjoineth upon you only the evil and the foul, and
that ye should tell concerning Allah that which ye know not.
[2.170] And when it is said unto them: Follow that which Allah
hath revealed, they say: We follow that wherein we found our
fathers. What! Even though their fathers were wholly
unintelligent and had no guidance ?
[2.171] The likeness of those who disbelieve (in relation to the
messenger) is as the likeness of one who calleth unto that which
heareth naught except a shout and cry. Deaf, dumb, blind,
therefore they have no sense.
[2.172] O ye who believe! Eat of the good things wherewith We
have provided you, and render thanks to Allah if it is (indeed)
He Whom ye worship.
[2.173] He hath forbidden you only carrion, and blood, and
swineflesh, and that which hath been immolated to (the name of)
any other than Allah. But he who is driven by necessity, neither
craving nor transgressing, it is no sin for him. Lo! Allah is
[2.174] Lo! those who hide aught of the Scripture which Allah
hath revealed and purchase a small gain therewith, they eat into
their bellies nothing else than fire. Allah will not speak to
them on the Day of Resurrection, nor will He make them grow.
Theirs will be a painful doom.
[2.175] Those are they who purchase error at the price of
guidance, and torment at the price of pardon. How constant are
they in their strife to reach the Fire!
[2.176] That is because Allah hath revealed the Scripture with
the truth. Lo! those who find (a cause of) disagreement in the
Scripture are in open schism.
[2.177] It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces to the
East and the West; but righteous is he who believeth in Allah
and the Last Day and the angels and the Scripture and the
prophets; and giveth wealth, for love of Him, to kinsfolk and to
orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and to those who ask, and
to set slaves free; and observeth proper worship and payeth the
poor-due. And those who keep their treaty when they make one,
and the patient in tribulation and adversity and time of stress.
Such are they who are sincere. Such are the God-fearing.
[2.178] O ye who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for you in
the matter of the murdered; the freeman for the freeman, and the
slave for the slave, and the female for the female. And for him
who is forgiven somewhat by his (injured) brother, prosecution
according to usage and payment unto him in kindness. This is an
alleviation and a mercy from your Lord. He who transgresseth
after this will have a painful doom.
[2.179] And there is life for you in retaliation, O men of
understanding, that ye may ward off (evil).
[2.180] It is prescribed for you, when death approacheth one of
you, if he leave wealth, that he bequeath unto parents and near
relatives in kindness. (This is) a duty for all those who ward
[2.181] And whoso changeth (the will) after he hath heard it -
the sin thereof is only upon those who change it. Lo! Allah is
[2.182] But he who feareth from a testator some unjust or sinful
clause, and maketh peace between the parties, (it shall be) no
sin for him. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[2.183] O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, even as
it was prescribed for those before you, that ye may ward off
[2.184] (Fast) a certain number of days; and (for) him who is
sick among you, or on a journey, (the same) number of other
days; and for those who can afford it there is a ransom: the
feeding of a man in need - but whoso doeth good of his own
accord, it is better for him: and that ye fast is better for you
if ye did but know -
[2.185] The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'an, a
guidance for mankind, and clear proofs of the guidance, and the
Criterion (of right and wrong). And whosoever of you is present,
let him fast the month, and whosoever of you is sick or on a
journey, (let him fast the same) number of other days. Allah
desireth for you ease; He desireth not hardship for you; and (He
desireth) that ye should complete the period, and that ye should
magnify Allah for having guided you, and that peradventure ye
may be thankful.
[2.186] And when My servants question thee concerning Me, then
surely I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he
crieth unto Me. So let them hear My call and let them trust in
Me, in order that they may be led aright.
[2.187] It is made lawful for you to go in unto your wives on
the night of the fast. They are raiment for you and ye are
raiment for them. Allah is Aware that ye were deceiving
yourselves in this respect and He hath turned in mercy toward
you and relieved you. So hold intercourse with them and seek
that which Allah hath ordained for you, and eat and drink until
the white thread becometh distinct to you from the black thread
of the dawn. Then strictly observe the fast till nightfall and
touch them not, but be at your devotions in the mosques. These
are the limits imposed by Allah, so approach them not. Thus
Allah expoundeth His revelation to mankind that they may ward
[2.188] And eat not up your property among yourselves in vanity,
nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that ye may
knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully.
[2.189] They ask thee, (O Muhammad), of new moons, say: They are
fixed seasons for mankind and for the pilgrimage. It is not
righteousness that ye go to houses by the backs thereof (as do
the idolaters at certain seasons), but the righteous man is he
who wardeth off (evil). So go to houses by the gates thereof,
and observe your duty to Allah, that ye may be successful.
[2.190] Fight in the way of Allah against those who fight
against you, but begin not hostilities. Lo! Allah loveth not
[2.191] And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out
of the places whence they drove you out, for persecution is
worse than slaughter. And fight not with them at the Inviolable
Place of Worship until they first attack you there, but if they
attack you (there) then slay them. Such is the reward of
[2.192] But if they desist, then lo! Allah is Forgiving,
[2.193] And fight them until persecution is no more, and
religion is for Allah. But if they desist, then let there be no
hostility except against wrong-doers.
[2.194] The forbidden month for the forbidden month, and
forbidden things in retaliation. And one who attacketh you,
attack him in like manner as he attacked you. Observe your duty
to Allah, and know that Allah is with those who ward off (evil).
[2.195] Spend your wealth for the cause of Allah, and be not
cast by your own hands to ruin; and do good. Lo! Allah loveth
[2.196] Perform the pilgrimage and the visit (to Makka) for
Allah. And if ye are prevented, then send such gifts as can be
obtained with ease, and shave not your heads until the gifts
have reached their destination. And whoever among you is sick or
hath an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or
almsgiving or offering. And if ye are in safety, then whosoever
contenteth himself with the visit for the pilgrimage (shall
give) such gifts as can be had with ease. And whosoever cannot
find (such gifts), then a fast of three days while on the
pilgrimage, and of seven when ye have returned; that is, ten in
all. That is for him whoso folk are not present at the
Inviolable Place of Worship. Observe your duty to Allah, and
know that Allah is severe in punishment.
[2.197] The pilgrimage is (in) the well-known months, and
whoever is minded to perform the pilgrimage therein (let him
remember that) there is (to be) no lewdness nor abuse nor angry
conversation on the pilgrimage. And whatsoever good ye do Allah
knoweth it. So make provision for yourselves (Hereafter); for
the best provision is to ward off evil. Therefore keep your duty
unto Me, O men of understanding.
[2.198] It is no sin for you that ye seek the bounty of your
Lord (by trading). But, when ye press on in the multitude from
'Arafat, remember Allah by the sacred monument. Remember Him as
He hath guided you, although before ye were of those astray.
[2.199] Then hasten onward from the place whence the multitude
hasteneth onward, and ask forgiveness of Allah. Lo! Allah is
[2.200] And when ye have completed your devotions, then remember
Allah as ye remember your fathers or with a more lively
remembrance. But of mankind is he who saith: "Our Lord! Give
unto us in the world," and he hath no portion in the Hereafter.
[2.201] And of them (also) is he who saith: "Our Lord! Give unto
us in the world that which is good and in the Hereafter that
which is good, and guard us from the doom of Fire."
[2.202] For them there is in store a goodly portion out of that
which they have earned. Allah is swift at reckoning.
[2.203] Remember Allah through the appointed days. Then whoso
hasteneth (his departure) by two days, it is no sin for him, and
whoso delayeth, it is no sin for him; that is for him who
wardeth off (evil). Be careful of your duty to Allah, and know
that unto Him ye will be gathered.
[2.204] And of mankind there is he whoso conversation on the
life of this world pleaseth thee (Muhammad), and he calleth
Allah to witness as to that which is in his heart; yet he is the
most rigid of opponents.
[2.205] And when he turneth away (from thee) his effort in the
land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and
the cattle; and Allah loveth not mischief.
[2.206] And when it is said unto him: Be careful of thy duty to
Allah, pride taketh him to sin. Hell will settle his account, an
[2.207] And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the
pleasure of Allah; and Allah hath compassion on (His) bondmen.
[2.208] O ye who believe! Come, all of you, into submission
(unto Him); and follow not the footsteps of the devil. Lo! he is
an open enemy for you.
[2.209] And if ye slide back after the clear proofs have come
unto you, then know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[2.210] Wait they for naught else than that Allah should come
unto them in the shadows of the clouds with the angels ? Then
the case would be already judged. All cases go back to Allah
[2.211] Ask of the Children of Israel how many a clear
revelation We gave them! He who altereth the grace of Allah
after it hath come unto him (for him), lo! Allah is severe in
[2.212] Beautified is the life of the world for those who
disbelieve; they make a jest of the believers. But those who
keep their duty to Allah will be above them on the Day of
Resurrection. Allah giveth without stint to whom He will.
[2.213] Mankind were one community, and Allah sent (unto them)
prophets as bearers of good tidings and as warners, and revealed
therewith the Scripture with the truth that it might judge
between mankind concerning that wherein they differed. And only
those unto whom (the Scripture) was given differed concerning
it, after clear proofs had come unto them, through hatred one of
another. And Allah by His Will guided those who believe unto the
truth of that concerning which they differed. Allah guideth whom
He will unto a straight path.
[2.214] Or think ye that ye will enter paradise while yet there
hath not come unto you the like of (that which came to) those
who passed away before you ? Affliction and adversity befell
them, they were shaken as with earthquake, till the messenger
(of Allah) and those who believed along with him said: When
cometh Allah's help ? Now surely Allah's help is nigh.
[2.215] They ask thee, (O Muhammad), what they shall spend. Say:
that which ye spend for good (must go) to parents and near
kindred and orphans and the needy and the wayfarer. And
whatsoever good ye do, lo! Allah is Aware of it.
[2.216] Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto
you; but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for
you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for
you. Allah knoweth, ye know not.
[2.217] They question thee (O Muhammad) with regard to warfare
in the sacred month. Say: Warfare therein is a great
(transgression), but to turn (men) from the way of Allah, and to
disbelieve in Him and in the Inviolable Place of Worship, and to
expel His people thence, is a greater with Allah; for
persecution is worse than killing. And they will not cease from
fighting against you till they have made you renegades from your
religion, if they can. And whoso becometh a renegade and dieth
in his disbelief: such are they whose works have fallen both in
the world and the Hereafter. Such are rightful owners of the
Fire: they will abide therein.
[2.218] Lo! those who believe, and those who emigrate (to escape
the persecution) and strive in the way of Allah, these have hope
of Allah's mercy. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
[2.219] They question thee about strong drink and games of
chance. Say: In both is great sin, and (some) utility for men;
but the sin of them is greater than their usefulness. And they
ask thee what they ought to spend. Say: that which is
superfluous. Thus Allah maketh plain to you (His) revelations,
that haply ye may reflect.
[2.220] Upon the world and the Hereafter. And they question thee
concerning orphans. Say: To improve their lot is best. And if ye
mingle your affairs with theirs, then (they are) your brothers.
Allah knoweth him who spoileth from him who improveth. Had Allah
willed He could have overburdened you. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[2.221] Wed not idolatresses till they believe; for lo! a
believing bondwoman is better than an idolatress though she
please you; and give not your daughters in marriage to idolaters
till they believe, for lo! a believing slave is better than an
idolater though he please you. These invite unto the Fire, and
Allah inviteth unto the Garden, and unto forgiveness by His
grace, and expoundeth His revelations to mankind that haply they
[2.222] They question thee (O Muhammad) concerning menstruation.
Say: It is an illness, so let women alone at such times and go
not in unto them till they are cleansed. And when they have
purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah hath enjoined
upon you. Truly Allah loveth those who turn unto Him, and loveth
those who have a care for cleanness.
[2.223] Your women are a tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to
your tilth as ye will, and send (good deeds) before you for your
souls, and fear Allah, and know that ye will (one day) meet Him.
Give glad tidings to believers, (O Muhammad).
[2.224] And make not Allah, by your oaths, a hindrance to your
being righteous and observing your duty unto Him and making
peace among mankind. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
[2.225] Allah will not take you to task for that which is
unintentional in your oaths. But He will take you to task for
that which your hearts have garnered. Allah is Forgiving,
[2.226] Those who forswear their wives must wait four months;
then, if they change their mind, lo! Allah is Forgiving,
[2.227] And if they decide upon divorce (let them remember that)
Allah is Hearer, Knower.
[2.228] Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves
apart, three (monthly) courses. And it is not lawful for them
that they should conceal that which Allah hath created in their
wombs if they are believers in Allah and the Last Day. And their
husbands would do better to take them back in that case if they
desire a reconciliation. And they (women) have rights similar to
those (of men) over them in kindness, and men are a degree above
them. Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[2.229] Divorce must be pronounced twice and then (a woman) must
be retained in honour or released in kindness. And it is not
lawful for you that ye take from women aught of that which ye
have given them; except (in the case) when both fear that they
may not be able to keep within the limits (imposed by) Allah.
And if ye fear that they may not be able to keep the limits of
Allah, in that case it is no sin for either of them if the woman
ransom herself. These are the limits (imposed by) Allah.
Transgress them not. For whoso transgresseth Allah's limits:
such are wrong-doers.
[2.230] And if he hath divorced her (the third time), then she
is not lawful unto him thereafter until she hath wedded another
husband. Then if he (the other husband) divorce her it is no sin
for both of them that they come together again if they consider
that they are able to observe the limits of Allah. These are the
limits of Allah. He manifesteth them for people who have
[2.231] When ye have divorced women, and they have reached their
term, then retain them in kindness or release them in kindness.
Retain them not to their hurt so that ye transgress (the
limits). He who doeth that hath wronged his soul. Make not the
revelations of Allah a laughing-stock (by your behaviour), but
remember Allah's grace upon you and that which He hath revealed
unto you of the Scripture and of wisdom, whereby He doth exhort
you. Observe your duty to Allah and know that Allah is Aware of
[2.232] And when ye have divorced women and they reach their
term, place not difficulties in the way of their marrying their
husbands if it is agreed between them in kindness. This is an
admonition for him among you who believeth in Allah and the Last
Day. That is more virtuous for you, and cleaner. Allah knoweth;
ye know not.
[2.233] Mothers shall suckle their children for two whole years;
(that is) for those who wish to complete the suckling. The duty
of feeding and clothing nursing mothers in a seemly manner is
upon the father of the child. No-one should be charged beyond
his capacity. A mother should not be made to suffer because of
her child, nor should he to whom the child is born (be made to
suffer) because of his child. And on the (father's) heir is
incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father).
If they desire to wean the child by mutual consent and (after)
consultation, it is no sin for them; and if ye wish to give your
children out to nurse, it is no sin for you, provide that ye pay
what is due from you in kindness. Observe your duty to Allah,
and know that Allah is Seer of what ye do.
[2.234] Such of you as die and leave behind them wives, they
(the wives) shall wait, keeping themselves apart, four months
and ten days. And when they reach the term (prescribed for them)
then there is no sin for you in aught that they may do with
themselves in decency. Allah is informed of what ye do.
[2.235] There is no sin for you in that which ye proclaim or
hide in your minds concerning your troth with women. Allah
knoweth that ye will remember them. But plight not your troth
with women except by uttering a recognised form of words. And do
not consummate the marriage until (the term) prescribed is run.
Know that Allah knoweth what is in your minds, so beware of Him;
and know that Allah is Forgiving, Clement.
[2.236] It is no sin for you if ye divorce women while yet ye
have not touched them, nor appointed unto them a portion.
Provide for them, the rich according to his means, and the
straitened according to his means, a fair provision. (This is) a
bounden duty for those who do good.
[2.237] If ye divorce them before ye have touched them and ye
have appointed unto them a portion, then (pay the) half of that
which ye appointed, unless they (the women) agree to forgo it,
or he agreeth to forgo it in whose hand is the marriage tie. To
forgo is nearer to piety. And forget not kindness among
yourselves. Allah is Seer of what ye do.
[2.238] Be guardians of your prayers, and of the midmost prayer,
and stand up with devotion to Allah.
[2.239] And if ye go in fear, then (pray) standing or on
horseback. And when ye are again in safety, remember Allah, as
He hath taught you that which (heretofore) ye knew not.
[2.240] (In the case of) those of you who are about to die and
leave behind them wives, they should bequeath unto their wives a
provision for the year without turning them out, but if they go
out (of their own accord) there is no sin for you in that which
they do of themselves within their rights. Allah is Mighty,
[2.241] For divorced women a provision in kindness: a duty for
those who ward off (evil).
[2.242] Thus Allah expoundeth unto you His revelations so that
ye may understand.
[2.243] Bethink thee (O Muhammad) of those of old, who went
forth from their habitations in their thousands, fearing death,
and Allah said unto them: Die; and then He brought them back to
life. Lo! Allah is a Lord of Kindness to mankind, but most of
mankind give not thanks.
[2.244] Fight in the way of Allah, and know that Allah is
[2.245] Who is it that will lend unto Allah a goodly loan, so
that He may give it increase manifold ? Allah straiteneth and
enlargeth. Unto Him ye will return.
[2.246] Bethink thee of the leaders of the Children of Israel
after Moses, how they said unto a prophet whom they had: Set up
for us a king and we will fight in Allah's way. He said: Would
ye then refrain from fighting if fighting were prescribed for
you ? They said: Why should we not fight in Allah's way when we
have been driven from our dwellings with our children ? Yet,
when fighting was prescribed for them, they turned away, all
save a few of them. Allah is aware of evil-doers.
[2.247] Their Prophet said unto them: Lo! Allah hath raised up
Saul to be a king for you. They said: How can he have kingdom
over us when we are more deserving of the kingdom than he is,
since he hath not been given wealth enough ? He said: Lo! Allah
hath chosen him above you, and hath increased him abundantly in
wisdom and stature. Allah bestoweth His Sovereignty on whom He
will. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
[2.248] And their Prophet said unto them: Lo! the token of his
kingdom is that there shall come unto you the ark wherein is
peace of reassurance from your Lord, and a remnant of that which
the house of Moses and the house of Aaron left behind, the
angels bearing it. Lo! herein shall be a token for you if (in
truth) ye are believers.
[2.249] And when Saul set out with the army, he said: Lo! Allah
will try you by (the ordeal of) a river. Whosoever therefore
drinketh thereof he is not of me, and whosoever tasteth it not
he is of me, save him who taketh (thereof) in the hollow of his
hand. But they drank thereof, all save a few of them. And after
he had crossed (the river), he and those who believed with him,
they said: We have no power this day against Goliath and his
hosts. But those who knew that they would meet Allah exclaimed:
How many a little company hath overcome a mighty host by Allah's
leave! Allah is with the steadfast.
[2.250] And when they went into the field against Goliath and
his hosts they said: Our Lord! Bestow on us endurance, make our
foothold sure, and give us help against the disbelieving folk.
[2.251] So they routed them by Allah's leave and David slew
Goliath; and Allah gave him the kingdom and wisdom, and taught
him of that which He willeth. And if Allah had not repelled some
men by others the earth would have been corrupted. But Allah is
a Lord of Kindness to (His) creatures.
[2.252] These are the portents of Allah which We recite unto
thee (Muhammad) with truth, and lo! thou art of the number of
[2.253] Of those messengers, some of whom We have caused to
excel others, and of whom there are some unto whom Allah spake,
while some of them He exalted (above others) in degree; and We
gave Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Allah's Sovereignty)
and We supported him with the holy Spirit. And if Allah had so
wiled it, those who followed after them would not have fought
one with another after the clear proofs had come unto them. But
they differed, some of them believing and some disbelieving. And
if Allah had so willed it, they would not have fought one with
another; but Allah doeth what He will.
[2.254] O ye who believe! spend of that wherewith We have
provided you ere a day come when there will be no trafficking,
nor friendship, nor intercession. The disbelievers, they are the
[2.255] Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal.
Neither slumber nor sleep overtaketh Him. Unto Him belongeth
whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who
is he that intercedeth with Him save by His leave ? He knoweth
that which is in front of them and that which is behind them,
while they encompass nothing of His knowledge save what He will.
His throne includeth the heavens and the earth, and He is never
weary of preserving them. He is the Sublime, the Tremendous.
[2.256] There is no compulsion in religion. The right direction
is henceforth distinct from error. And he who rejecteth false
deities and believeth in Allah hath grasped a firm handhold
which will never break. Allah is Hearer, Knower.
[2.257] Allah is the Protecting Guardian of those who believe.
He bringeth them out of darkness into light. As for those who
disbelieve, their patrons are false deities. They bring them out
of light into darkness. Such are rightful owners of the Fire.
They will abide therein.
[2.258] Bethink thee of him who had an argument with Abraham
about his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom; how,
when Abraham said: My Lord is He Who giveth life and causeth
death, he answered: I give life and cause death. Abraham said:
Lo! Allah causeth the sun to rise in the East, so do thou cause
it to come up from the West. Thus was the disbeliever abashed.
And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.
[2.259] Or (bethink thee of) the like of him who, passing by a
township which had fallen into utter ruin, exclaimed: How shall
Allah give this township life after its death ? And Allah made
him die a hundred years, then brought him back to life. He said:
How long hast thou tarried ? (The man) said: I have tarried a
day or part of a day. (He) said: Nay, but thou hast tarried for
a hundred years. Just look at thy food and drink which have not
rotted! Look at thine ass! And, that We may make thee a token
unto mankind, look at the bones, how We adjust them and then
cover them with flesh! And when (the matter) became clear unto
him, he said: I know now that Allah is Able to do all things.
[2.260] And when Abraham said (unto his Lord): My Lord! Show me
how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: Dost thou not believe
? Abraham said: Yea, but (I ask) in order that my heart may be
at ease. (His Lord) said: Take four of the birds and cause them
to incline unto thee, then place a part of them on each hill,
then call them, they will come to thee in haste, and know that
Allah is Mighty, Wise.
[2.261] The likeness of those who spend their wealth in Allah's
way is as the likeness of a grain which groweth seven ears, in
every ear a hundred grains. Allah giveth increase manifold to
whom He will. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
[2.262] Those who spend their wealth for the cause of Allah and
afterward make not reproach and injury to follow that which they
have spent; their reward is with their Lord, and there shall no
fear come upon them, neither shall they grieve.
[2.263] A kind word with forgiveness is better than almsgiving
followed by injury. Allah is Absolute, Clement.
[2.264] O ye who believe! Render not vain your almsgiving by
reproach and injury, like him who spendeth his wealth only to be
seen of men and believeth not in Allah and the Last Day. His
likeness is as the likeness of a rock whereon is dust of earth;
a rainstorm smiteth it, leaving it smooth and bare. They have no
control of aught of that which they have gained. Allah guideth
not the disbelieving folk.
[2.265] And the likeness of those who spend their wealth in
search of Allah's pleasure, and for the strengthening of their
souls, is as the likeness of a garden on a height. The rainstorm
smiteth it and it bringeth forth its fruit twofold. And if the
rainstorm smite it not, then the shower. Allah is Seer of what
[2.266] Would any of you like to have a garden of palm-trees and
vines, with rivers flowing underneath it, with all kinds of
fruit for him therein; and old age hath stricken him and he hath
feeble offspring; and a fiery whirlwind striketh it and it is
(all) consumed by fire. Thus Allah maketh plain His revelations
unto you, in order that ye may give thought.
[2.267] O ye who believe! Spend of the good things which ye have
earned, and of that which We bring forth from the earth for you,
and seek not the bad (with intent) to spend thereof (in charity)
when ye would not take it for yourselves save with disdain; and
know that Allah is Absolute, Owner of Praise.
[2.268] The devil promiseth you destitution and enjoineth on you
lewdness. But Allah promiseth you forgiveness from Himself with
bounty. Allah is All-Embracing, All-knowing.
[2.269] He giveth wisdom unto whom He will, and he unto whom
wisdom is given, he truly hath received abundant good. But none
remember except men of understanding.
[2.270] Whatever alms ye spend or vow ye vow, lo! Allah knoweth
it. Wrong-doers have no helpers.
[2.271] If ye publish your almsgiving, it is well, but if ye
hide it and give it to the poor, it will be better for you, and
will atone for some of your ill-deeds. Allah is Informed of what
[2.272] The guiding of them is not thy duty (O Muhammad), but
Allah guideth whom He will. And whatsoever good thing ye spend,
it is for yourselves, when ye spend not save in search of
Allah's Countenance; and whatsoever good thing ye spend, it will
be repaid to you in full, and ye will not be wronged.
[2.273] (Alms are) for the poor who are straitened for the cause
of Allah, who cannot travel in the land (for trade). The
unthinking man accounteth them wealthy because of their
restraint. Thou shalt know them by their mark: They do not beg
of men with importunity. And whatsoever good thing ye spend, lo!
Allah knoweth it.
[2.274] Those who spend their wealth by night and day, by
stealth and openly, verily their reward is with their Lord, and
their shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.
[2.275] Those who swallow usury cannot rise up save as he
ariseth whom the devil hath prostrated by (his) touch. That is
because they say: Trade is just like usury; whereas Allah
permitteth trading and forbiddeth usury. He unto whom an
admonition from his Lord cometh, and (he) refraineth (in
obedience thereto), he shall keep (the profits of) that which is
past, and his affair (henceforth) is with Allah. As for him who
returneth (to usury) - Such are rightful owners of the Fire.
They will abide therein.
[2.276] Allah hath blighted usury and made almsgiving fruitful.
Allah loveth not the impious and guilty.
[2.277] Lo! those who believe and do good works and establish
worship and pay the poor-due, their reward is with their Lord
and there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they
[2.278] O ye who believe! Observe your duty to Allah, and give
up what remaineth (due to you) from usury, if ye are (in truth)
[2.279] And if ye do not, then be warned of war (against you)
from Allah and His messenger. And if ye repent, then ye have
your principal (without interest). Wrong not, and ye shall not
[2.280] And if the debtor is in straitened circumstances, then
(let there be) postponement to (the time of) ease; and that ye
remit the debt as almsgiving would be better for you if ye did
[2.281] And guard yourselves against a day in which ye will be
brought back to Allah. Then every soul will be paid in full that
which it hath earned, and they will not be wronged.
[2.283] If ye be on a journey and cannot find a scribe, then a
pledge in hand (shall suffice). And if one of you entrusteth to
another let him who is trusted deliver up that which is
entrusted to him (according to the pact between them) and let
him observe his duty to Allah his Lord. Hide not testimony. He
who hideth it, verily his heart is sinful. Allah is Aware of
what ye do.
[2.284] Unto Allah (belongeth) whatsoever is in the heavens and
whatsoever is in the earth; and whether ye make known what is in
your minds or hide it, Allah will bring you to account for it.
He will forgive whom He will and He will punish whom He will.
Allah is Able to do all things.
[2.285] The messenger believeth in that which hath been revealed
unto him from his Lord and (so do) believers. Each one believeth
in Allah and His angels and His scriptures and His messengers -
We make no distinction between any of His messengers - and they
say: We hear, and we obey. (Grant us) Thy forgiveness, our Lord.
Unto Thee is the journeying.
[2.286] Allah tasketh not a soul beyond its scope. For it (is
only) that which it hath earned, and against it (only) that
which it hath deserved. Our Lord! Condemn us not if we forget,
or miss the mark! Our Lord! Lay not on us such a burden as thou
didst lay on those before us! Our Lord! Impose not on us that
which we have not the strength to bear! Pardon us, absolve us
and have mercy on us, Thou, our Protector, and give us victory
over the disbelieving folk.